FOUNDATION

Composer: Anonymous

In some hymnals, the editors noted that a hymn's author is unknown to them, and so this artificial "person" entry is used to reflect that fact. Obviously, the hymns attributed to "Author Unknown" "Unknown" or "Anonymous" could have been written by many people over a span of many centuries. Go to person page >

Tune Information

Composer: Anonymous
Meter: 11.11.11.11
Incipit: 5(6)U 1D6U1 D5U11 313D5
Key: A♭ Major
Source: Southern Harmony, New Haven, 1835; A Compilation of Genuine Church Music, by Joseph Funk (Winchester, Virginia: J. W. Hollis, 1832); Early American melody
Copyright: Public Domain

Notes

The anonymous tune FOUNDATION first appeared in Joseph Funk's A Compilation of Genuine Church Music (1832) as a setting for this text (there it was called PROTECTION). The tune was also published with the text in Southern Harmony and Sacred Harp.

The ancestors of Joseph Funk (b. Lancaster County, PA, 1778; d. Mountain Valley, a.k.a. Singers Glen, VA, 1862) were German Mennonites who had settled in eastern Pennsylvania. Around 1780 the Funk family moved to the Shenandoah Valley close to Harrisonburg, Virginia. Funk became a farmer and a teacher in a schoolhouse on his property. An itinerant singing-school teacher and music publisher, he also issued the monthly music journal Southern Musical Advocate and Singer's Friend before the Civil War (the journal was continued later by his sons). Funk published Choral-Music (1816) and A Compilation of Genuine Church Music (1832). The revised twenty-fourth edition (1980) is still in use by Mennonites in the Shenandoah Valley today. Funk's life was the focus of Alice Parker's opera Singers Glen (1978).

The harmonization is by Dale Grotenhuis (PHH 4). There are several options for singing: congregation throughout, soloists on the middle stanzas, or in canon. Like many folk tunes, FOUNDATION is pentatonic and should be sung with vigor. It can be sung either in two-part canon (two measures apart) or in four parts (one measure apart). Try having the choir's men and women sing in canon on the inner stanzas, perhaps following a soloist. For the final stanza, try dividing the entire congregation into four groups for a stirring conclusion. When singing in canon, sing unaccompanied or use the Busarow settings for canon in All Praise to You, Eternal God (Augsburg, 1980), do not use the hymnal accompaniment.

--Psalter Hymnal Handbook, 1987

The above information is incorrect and incomplete. This tune occurs (under the name CHRISTIAN'S FAREWELL, #334) in the Southern Harmony, but not with this text. Rather, its first line there is "Farewell, my dear brethren, the time is at hand". "How firm a foundation" appears twice in the Southern Harmony, but the tunes are SINCERITY (#101) and SOLICITUDE (#69). In the Sacred Harp, "How firm a foundation" is set to this tune, but the tune name is BELLEVUE.

(note by User Haruo added June 7, 2011)

Media

Baptist Hymnal 1991 #338
Text: How Firm a Foundation
  • Bulletin Score (melody only) (PDF)
  • Bulletin Score (PDF)
  • Full Score (PDF)
Christian Classics Ethereal Hymnary #383
  • Four-part harmony, part score, Original (shape-note) harmony (PDF, NWC)
  • Four-part harmony, full-score (PDF, NWC)
The Cyber Hymnal #458
Text: Being His
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
The Cyber Hymnal #2573
Text: How Firm a Foundation
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
The Cyber Hymnal #2797
Text: In God Will I Trust
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
Psalter Hymnal (Gray) #500
Text: How Firm a Foundation
  • Full Score (PDF, XML)
  • Bulletin Score (melody only) (PDF)
The United Methodist Hymnal #529
Text: How Firm a Foundation
  • Bulletin Score (melody only) (PDF)
  • Bulletin Score (PDF)
  • Full Score (PDF)
Worship and Rejoice #411
Text: How Firm a Foundation

Instances

Instances (1 - 73 of 73)Text InfoTune InfoTextScoreFlexScoreAudioPage Scan
Adoru: ekumena diserva libro #808Text InfoText
African American Heritage Hymnal #146TextPage Scan
Ambassador Hymnal: for Lutheran worship #262
Ambassador Hymnal: for Lutheran worship #589
Baptist Hymnal 1991 #338TextAudioPage Scan
Baptist Hymnal 2008 #456Text
Celebrating Grace Hymnal #425TextPage Scan
Chalice Hymnal #618TextPage Scan
Chalice Hymnal #735
Christian Classics Ethereal Hymnary #383Tune InfoScoreAudio
Christian Worship: supplement #768Text
Common Praise (1998) #527Page Scan
Discipleship Ministries Collection #13
Evangelical Lutheran Hymnary #521Text
Evangelical Lutheran Worship #796TextPage Scan
Gather (3rd ed.) #694Page Scan
Gather Comprehensive #606TextPage Scan
Gather Comprehensive, Second Edition #587Page Scan
Glory to God: the Presbyterian Hymnal #463Text InfoTextFlexScoreAudioPage Scan
Hymnal 1982: according to the use of the Episcopal Church #636TextPage Scan
Hymnal: A Worship Book #567
Hymns for a Pilgrim People: a congregational hymnal #248
Hymns of Faith #111TextPage Scan
Hymns of Promise: a large print songbook #50Page Scan
Hymns of the Saints: Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints #136
Hymns to the Living God #241Text
Lead Me, Guide Me (2nd ed.) #555
Lift Up Your Hearts: psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs #47FlexScoreAudio
Lift Up Your Hearts: psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs #427TextFlexScoreAudio
Lift Up Your Hearts: psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs #428FlexScore
Lutheran Service Book #728Text
Lutheran Worship #411Text
Moravian Book of Worship #709TextPage Scan
Oramos Cantando = We Pray In Song #573Page Scan
Praise! Our Songs and Hymns #338
Presbyterian Hymnal: hymns, psalms, and spiritual songs #361TextPage Scan
Psalms for All Seasons: a complete Psalter for worship #11A
Psalms for All Seasons: a complete Psalter for worship #11BText
Psalms for All Seasons: a complete Psalter for worship #44A
Psalter Hymnal (Gray) #500Text InfoTune InfoTextScoreAudio
Rejoice Hymns #578
Rejoice in the Lord #172TextPage Scan
Secular Hymnal: 144 hymn tunes made inclusive for all #63TextPage Scan
Sing Joyfully #179TextPage Scan
Small Church Music #211Audio
Songs of Grace: new hymns for God and neighbor #13Text
Songs of Grace: new hymns for God and neighbor #62bText
Soul-stirring Songs & Hymns (Rev. ed.) #153
The Celebration Hymnal: songs and hymns for worship #408TextPage Scan
The Covenant Hymnal: a worshipbook #437
The Cyber Hymnal #458TextScoreAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #2573TextScoreAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #2797TextScoreAudio
The Hymnal for Worship and Celebration #275TextPage Scan
The New Century Hymnal #407TextPage Scan
The New National Baptist Hymnal #21
The Sacred Harp: the best collection of sacred songs, hymns, odes, and anthems ever offered the singing public for general use (1991 rev.) #72b
The United Methodist Hymnal #529TextFlexScoreAudioPage Scan
The United Methodist Hymnal Music Supplement #133
The United Methodist Hymnal Music Supplement #134
The Worshiping Church #612TextFlexScorePage Scan
Timeless Truths #95Text
Together in Song: Australian hymn book II #578
Total Praise: Songs and other worship resources for every generation #122
Trinity Hymnal (Rev. ed.) #94TextFlexScorePage Scan
TTT-Himnaro Cigneta #510Audio
Worship (3rd ed.) #585Text
Worship (4th ed.) #687
Worship (4th ed.) #749
Worship (4th ed.) #765
Worship and Rejoice #411TextScoreFlexScoreAudioPage Scan
Worship in Song: A Friends Hymnal #197
Worship Together #604
Include 92 pre-1979 instances



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