STILLE NACHT

Composer : Franz Xaver Gruber

Franz Xaver Gruber (1787-1863) Born: No­vem­ber 25, 1787, Un­ter­weiz­berg (near Hoch­burg), Aus­tria. Died: June 7, 1863, Hall­ein (near Salz­burg), Aus­tria. Buried: Hall­ein, Aus­tria. Son of a lin­en weav­er, Gru­ber learned the vi­o­lin against his fa­ther’s wish­es, and stu­died or­gan un­der Ge­org Hart­dob­ler. He taught school at Arns­dorf, Aus­tria (1807-29), and in 1816 be­gan play­ing the or­gan at St. Ni­ko­laus Church in Obern­dorf. Lat­er, he served as head­mas­ter in Bern­dorf (1828-32), and played the or­gan and di­rect­ed the choir at Hall­ein (1833-63). He is said to have com­posed over 90 mu­sic­al piec­es. --www.hymntime.com/tch  Go to person page >

Tune Information

Composer : Franz Xaver Gruber (1818)
Meter: Irregular
Incipit: 56535 65322 7115
Key: B♭ Major/C Major
Source: Franz Gruber, 1818
Copyright: Public Domain

Notes

Although he composed nearly one hundred works, Franz Gruber is remembered for only one–the tune of "Silent Night," composed on Christmas Eve, 1818. He scored the tune for tenor and bass soli (sung by Mohr and Gruber on that night) with the final phrase to be repeated in harmony (sung by the village choir girls); the singing was accompanied by guitar. In 1854 he wrote an account of the history of "Stille Nacht, heilige Nacht," accompanied by a score (dated 1833) for two solo voices, chorus, organ, pizzicato strings, and two horns.

Gruber was born into a linen weaver's family and studied violin and organ even though his father wanted him to work in the family business. In addition to serving as parish organist for St. Nicholas Church in Obendorf, he taught school in nearby Arnsdorf (1807-1829) and Berndorf (1829-1833). He spent the balance of his career as organist and choir director in Hallein, where he founded the famous Hallein Choral Society.

STILLE NACHT is a pastoral tune in the style of a landler or Austrian siciliano (slow waltz). The tune is intended for gentle singing with light accompaniment (recall its historic performance on guitar). The Psalter Hymnal harmonization is mainly the work of Carl Reinecke (1910).

Sing in four parts, perhaps unaccompanied. Or you may want to try only two-part singing (soprano and alto) for some stanzas. Try using a flute or recorder descant; there are many published settings for these instruments. In smaller worship settings try guitar and flute or recorder. Or have children sing some stanzas in alternation with the Congregation. Sing in two pulses per bar.

--Psalter Hymnal Handbook, 1987

Media

Baptist Hymnal 1991 #91
Text: Silent Night, Holy Night
Christian Classics Ethereal Hymnary #89
  • Four-part harmony, full-score (PDF, NWC)
The Cyber Hymnal #6072
Text: Silent Night
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
Psalter Hymnal (Gray) #344
Text: Silent Night! Holy Night!
Timeless Truths #744
Text: Silent Night
Worship and Rejoice #186
Text: Silent Night! Holy Night!

Instances

Instances (1 - 84 of 84)Text InfoTune InfoTextScoreFlexScoreAudioPage Scan
A New Hymnal for Colleges and Schools #227
African American Heritage Hymnal #211TextPage Scan
Ambassador Hymnal: for Lutheran worship #23
Ancient and Modern: hymns and songs for refreshing worship #84Text
Baptist Hymnal 1991 #91TextScoreAudioPage Scan
Baptist Hymnal 2008 #206TextFlexScorePage Scan
Catholic Book of Worship III #332
Catholic Book of Worship III #333
Catholic Book of Worship III #334
Celebrating Grace Hymnal #134TextPage Scan
Chalice Hymnal #145TextPage Scan
Christian Classics Ethereal Hymnary #89Tune InfoScoreAudio
Christian Worship: a Lutheran hymnal #60TextPage Scan
Christmas Favorites #14
Church Hymnary (4th ed.) #309TextPage Scan
Common Praise (1998) #119TextPage Scan
Common Praise: A new edition of Hymns Ancient and Modern #69aPage Scan
Common Praise: A new edition of Hymns Ancient and Modern #69bPage Scan
Evangelical Lutheran Hymnary #140TextPage Scan
Evangelical Lutheran Worship #281TextPage Scan
Gather (3rd ed.) #441Page Scan
Gather Comprehensive #352TextPage Scan
Gather Comprehensive, Second Edition #371Page Scan
Glory to God: the Presbyterian Hymnal #122Text InfoTextAudio
Himnos de la Iglesia #98
Hinário para o Culto Cristão #91
Hymnal 1982: according to the use of the Episcopal Church #111TextPage Scan
Hymns and Psalms: a Methodist and ecumenical hymn book #112
Hymns for a Pilgrim People: a congregational hymnal #135
Hymns for a Pilgrim People: a congregational hymnal #136
Hymns for Today's Church (2nd ed.) #95Text
Hymns of Faith #122TextPage Scan
Hymns of Promise: a large print songbook #154Page Scan
Hymns of the Saints: Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints #244
Hymns Old and New (Rev. and Enl.) #658
Lead Me, Guide Me (2nd ed.) #244
Les Chants du Pèlerin #154
Lift Every Voice and Sing II: an African American hymnal #26Text
Lift Up Your Hearts: psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs #85TextFlexScoreAudioPage Scan
Lutheran Service Book #363TextPage Scan
Lutheran Worship #68Text
Moravian Book of Worship #297TextPage Scan
Nyimbo za Imani Yetu #57
Oramos Cantando = We Pray In Song #378Page Scan
Praise! Our Songs and Hymns #184
Presbyterian Hymnal: hymns, psalms, and spiritual songs #60TextPage Scan
Protestant Madagascar Hymnal, 2001 #58
Protestant Madagascar Hymnal, 2001 #71
Psalter Hymnal (Gray) #344Text InfoTune InfoTextScoreAudioPage Scan
Rejoice Hymns #190
Rejoice in the Lord #216TextPage Scan
Seventh-day Adventist Hymnal #143
Sing Joyfully #189TextPage Scan
Singing Our Faith: a hymnal for young Catholics #108TextPage Scan
Singing the Faith #217
Small Church Music #218Audio
Soul-stirring Songs & Hymns (Rev. ed.) #431
The Celebration Hymnal: songs and hymns for worship #253Text
The Christian Life Hymnal #89
The Covenant Hymnal: a worshipbook #172
The Cyber Hymnal #6072TextScoreAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #8238TextAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #8241TextAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #9286TextAudio
The Hymnal for Worship and Celebration #147Text
The New Century Hymnal #134TextPage Scan
The New English Hymnal #35TextPage Scan
The New National Baptist Hymnal #56
The United Methodist Hymnal #239TextFlexScore
The United Methodist Hymnal Music Supplement #322Text
The United Methodist Hymnal Music Supplement #323
The United Methodist Hymnal Music Supplement II #167
The Worshiping Church #164TextFlexScorePage Scan
Timeless Truths #744TextScore
Together in Song: Australian hymn book II #311
Trinity Hymnal (Rev. ed.) #210TextFlexScorePage Scan
TTT-Himnaro Cigneta #606TextAudio
Voices United: The Hymn and Worship Book of The United Church of Canada #67TextPage Scan
Worship (3rd ed.) #379TextPage Scan
Worship (4th ed.) #413
Worship and Rejoice #186TextScoreFlexScoreAudioPage Scan
Worship in Song: A Friends Hymnal #90
生命聖詩 - Hymns of Life, 1986 #93Text
찬송과 예배 = Chansong gwa yebae = Come, Let Us Worship: the Korean-English Presbyterian hymnal and service book #160
Include 134 pre-1979 instances



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