Carl Bernhard Garve

Short Name: Carl Bernhard Garve
Full Name: Garve, Carl Bernhard, 1763-1841
Birth Year: 1763
Death Year: 1841

Garve, Carl Bernhard, was born Jan. 24, 1763, at Jeinsen, near Hannover, where his father was a farmer. He was educated at the Moravian schools in Zeist, and Neuwied, at their Pädagogium at Niesky, and their Seminary at Barby. In 1784 he was appointed one of the tutors at Niesky, and in 1789 at Barby; but as his philosophical lectures were thought rather unsettling in their tendency, he was sent, in 1797, to arrange the documents of the archive at Zeist. After his ordination as diaconus of the Moravian church, he was appointed, in 1799, preacher at Amsterdam; in 1801 at Ebersdorf (where he was also inspector of the training school); in 1809 at Berlin; and in 1816 at Neusalza on the Oder. Feeling the burden of years and infirmities he resigned the active duties of the ministry in 1836, and retired to Herrnhut, where he died June 21, 1841. (Koch, vii. 334-342; (Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, viii. 392-94, &c.)

Garve ranks as the most important of recent Moravian hymnwriters, Albertini being perhaps his superior in poetical gifts, but certainly not in adaptability to church use. His better productions are almost entirely free from typically Moravian features; and in them Holy Scripture is used in a sound and healthful spirit. They are distinguished by force and at the same time elegance of style, and are full of deep love and devotion to the Saviour. Many of them have passed into the German Evangelical hymnbooks, no less than 36 being included in the Berlin Gesange-Buch 1829; and of those noted below No. i. is to be found in almost all recent German collections. They appeared mostly in the two following collections, both of which are to be found in the Town Library, Hamburg: (1) Christliche Gesänge, Görlitz, 1825, with 303 hymns, a few being recasts from other authors. (2) Brüdergesange, Gnadau, 1827, with 65 hymns intended principally for use in the Moravian Communion.

Garve's hymns in English common use are:—
i. Dein Wort, 0 Herr, ist milder Thau. Holy Scripture. Perhaps his finest hymn. 1825, as above, p. 51, in 7 st. of 8 l. Included, as No. 410, in the Berlin Geistliche Lieder S., ed. 1863, and in the German hymnbooks for Hannover, 1883, for the kingdom of Saxony, 1883, for the province of Saxony, 1882, &c." Translated as:—
1. Thy Word, 0 Lord, like gentle dews. A good translation of st. i.-iii, by Miss Winkworth, in the first Ser., 1855, of her Lyra Germanica, p. 36. In the Pennsylvania Lutheran Church Book, 1868, it is No. 314 in full, but rewritten to D.C.M. In 1864 it was included, altered, and with 11. 5-8 of each stanza omitted, as No. 681 in Hymns of the Spirit, Boston, U. S., and this has been repeated in Dr. Martineau's Hymns of Praise & Prayer, 1873, and Dr. Allon's Children's Worship, 1878.
2. Thy Word, 0 Lord, is gentle dew. A good translation of st. i.-iii., based on the Lyra Germanica, by Miss Winkworth, as No. 102 in her Chorale Book for England, 1863, and thence, in the Ohio Lutheran Hymnal, 1880.
ii. Hallelujah, Christus lebt. Easter. 1825, as above, p. 105, in 8 st. of 6 1. Included in Knapp's Evangelical Lutheran Songbook, 1850, No. 565. Translated as:—
Hallelujah! Jesus lives! A good translation (omitting st. iv., vi.) by Miss Borthwick, in the 4th Ser., 1862, of the Hymns from the Land of Luther, p. 30 (1884, p. 201). In Lyra Messianica, 1864, p. 295, and in G. S. Jellicoe's Collection, 1867, No. 103, it begins, "Alleluia ! Jesus lives."
iii. O Vater der Gemeine. Trinity Sunday. 1825, as above, p. 18, in 3 st. of 7 l. Included as No. 107 in Knapp's Evangelischer Lieder-Schatz, 1837. Translated as: --
Father of all created. In full, as No. 159, in Dr. Pagenstecher's Collection, 1864, signed " F. C. C."
Another translation is, "0 Father, we adore Thee," in the British Herald, Oct. 1866, p. 324, repeated as No. 416 in Reid's Praise Book, 1872.

Hymns not in English common use:— «
iv. Der Herr ist treu, Der Herr ist ewig treu. God's Faithfulness. 1825, p. 5, in 6 st., repeated in the Berlin Gesang-Buch, 1829, No. 60, beginning "Gott ist treu." Translated by N. L. Frothingham, 1870, p. 253.
v. Geduld! Geduld! ob's stürmisch weht. Trust in God. 1825, p. 180, in 3 st., repeated in the Berlin Gesang-Buch 1829, No. 593, beginning "Geduld! wie sehr der Sturm auch weht." Translated by N. L. Frothingham, 1870, p. 265.
vi. Sagt was hat die weite Welt. Holy Scripture. 1825, p 49, in 6 st. Translated as “Tell me, can the world display," in the British Herald, Nov. 1866, p. 360, repeated as No. 420 in Reid's Praise Book, 1872.
vii. Wer bin ich, Herr, in deinem Licht. Self-Examination, 1825, p. 216, in 15 st. Translated by N. L. Frothingham, 1870, p. 258.
viii. Zur Arbeit winkt mir mein Beruf. Before Work, 1825, p. 233, in 9 st. Translated by E. Massie, l861.

A hymn sometimes ascribed to Garve is noted under "Gib deinen Frieden uns." [Rev. James Mearns, M.A.]

-- John Julian, Dictionary of Hymnology (1907)

Texts by Carl Bernhard Garve (61)sort iconAsInstances
Zur Arbeit winkt mir mein Beruf; Du, dessen GueteCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)9
Wie ein Hirt, dein Volk zu weidenCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)9
Wenn Erd' und Weltkreis untergehtCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)3
Wenn der Herr, der von dem Tod erwachteCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)2
Welche Wahl, aus freien GnadenCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)2
Was ist des Menschen LebenCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)2
Times flows on with meKarl Garve (Author)1
Thy Word, O Lord, like gentle dewsCarl Bernhard Garve, 1763 - 1841 (Author)36
Thy word, O God, like dew, restorethC. B. Garve (Author)3
Thy word, O God, like dew renewethCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)2
Stark ist meines Jesu HandC. B. Garve, 1763-1841 (Author)7
So lange Christus, Christus istK. B. Garve, 1763-1841 (Author)7
Sieh', uns, deine G'ste, nahenCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)4
Seht ihr vor dem Stuhle GottesCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)4
Rule of God, rule of GodKarl Bernhard Garve, 1763-1841 (Author)2
Reich des Herrn, Reich des HerrnC. B. Garve (Author)11
O Vater der Liebe, dir bin ich geweiht Carl Bernhard Garve (Author)2
O Vater der GemeineCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)2
O thou art the primal truthCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)2
O Lord, voll Heil und SeligkeitCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)2
O Liebe, hell in Jesu MienenCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)3
O come in, O come in, thou who art thy people's HeadCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)2
Naht andachtsvoll der St'tteCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)2
Mein ganzes Herz erfreut sich deinCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)2
M'chtig wird der Weckruf schallenCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)3
Lobt den herrn die gnadensonneCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)12
Lobsinget uns fuellte Gottes HandCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)4
Lobsinget am frohen ErntefestCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)8
Kommt, Geschwister tretet einCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)2
Komm herein, Haupt der deinenCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)2
Jeder Schritt der ZeitKarl Berh. Garve (Author)2
Ihr aufgehobnen Segensh'nde [Jesush'nde]Carl Bernhard Garve (Author)6
Hoert's alle hoert's dass jesus lebtCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)2
Hoert das wort voll ernst und liebeCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)6
Hilf, dass von jeder Falschheit freiCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)5
Hallelujah, Christus lebtC. B. Garve, geb. 1763 (Author)3
Habe Dank, dass uns deine N'h' umschlossCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)2
Gott ist treu, ja er ist ewig treuCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)2
Gott, der segnend niederschautCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)4
Gott der Macht, in deinem RuhmeCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)11
God's word is like a flaming swordCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)3
Glueckselig, wer den Gruss des HerrnCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)2
Geist Gottes, unerschaffner Geist Du, den keinCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)3
Geist Gottes, aus des Ew'gen FülleCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)2
Geist Gottes aus der Ew'gen Fuelle in unsern GeistCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)5
Geist des Herrn, dein licht alleinCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)8
Du, unser Herr und Haupt der DeinenKarl Bernhard Garve (Author)2
Du Geist der Gnad' und WahrheitCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)3
Du bist mein VertreterCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)2
Dit ord, o Gud, sum duggen dvægerCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)3
Die Himmel tönen Gottes PreisC. B. Garve (Author)2
Der Herr erhört GebetKarl Bernhard Garve, 1763-1841 (Author)2
Der ersten Unschuld reines GlückK. B. Garve (Author)4
Der du die Wahrheit selber bistC. B. Garve, 1763-1841 (Author)2
Dein Wort, o Herr, ist milder Tau [Thau] Fuer trostbedurft'ge SeelenCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)10
Dein Wort, o Herr, ist milder TauCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)2
Bringet her dem Herrn, ihr BruederCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)4
Amen, deines Grabes FriedeCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)18
Alleluia! Jesus lives! Won the battle gloriousCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)6
Hallelujah! Jesus lives! He is now the living oneK. B. Garve, 1763-1841 (Author)12
Ach sei mit Deiner GnadeCarl Bernhard Garve (Author)15