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Henry J. Gauntlett

1805 - 1876 Person Name: Henry John Gauntlett Meter: Composer of "" in Hymnal Henry J. Gauntlett (b. Wellington, Shropshire, July 9, 1805; d. London, England, February 21, 1876) When he was nine years old, Henry John Gauntlett (b. Wellington, Shropshire, England, 1805; d. Kensington, London, England, 1876) became organist at his father's church in Olney, Buckinghamshire. At his father's insistence he studied law, practicing it until 1844, after which he chose to devote the rest of his life to music. He was an organist in various churches in the London area and became an important figure in the history of British pipe organs. A designer of organs for William Hill's company, Gauntlett extend­ed the organ pedal range and in 1851 took out a patent on electric action for organs. Felix Mendelssohn chose him to play the organ part at the first performance of Elijah in Birmingham, England, in 1846. Gauntlett is said to have composed some ten thousand hymn tunes, most of which have been forgotten. Also a supporter of the use of plainchant in the church, Gauntlett published the Gregorian Hymnal of Matins and Evensong (1844). Bert Polman

Jacques Berthier

1923 - 1994 Meter: Composer of "VENI SANCTE SPIRITUS (Berthier)" Jacques Berthier (b. Auxerre, Burgundy, June 27, 1923; d. June 27, 1994) A son of musical parents, Berthier studied music at the Ecole Cesar Franck in Paris. From 1961 until his death he served as organist at St. Ignace Church, Paris. Although his published works include numerous compositions for organ, voice, and instruments, Berthier is best known as the composer of service music for the Taizé community near Cluny, Burgundy. Influenced by the French liturgist and church musician Joseph Gelineau, Berthier began writing songs for equal voices in 1955 for the services of the then nascent community of twenty brothers at Taizé. As the Taizé community grew, Berthier continued to compose most of the mini-hymns, canons, and various associated instrumental arrangements, which are now universally known as the Taizé repertoire. In the past two decades this repertoire has become widely used in North American church music in both Roman Catholic and Protestant traditions. Bert Polman

John Stainer

1840 - 1901 Meter: Composer of "CELANO (Stainer)"

Thoro Harris

1874 - 1955 Meter: Composer of "MONTAGU (Harris)" Born: March 31, 1874, Washington, DC. Died: March 27, 1955, Eureka Springs, Arkansas. Buried: International Order of Odd Fellows Cemetery, Eureka Springs, Arkansas. After attending college in Battle Creek, Michigan, Harris produced his first hymnal in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1902. He then moved to Chicago, Illinois at the invitation of Peter Bilhorn, and in 1932, to Eureka Springs, Arkansas. He composed and compiled a number of works, and was well known locally as he walked around with a canvas bag full of handbooks for sale. His works include: Light and Life Songs, with William Olmstead & William Kirkpatrick (Chicago, Illinois: S. K. J. Chesbro, 1904) Little Branches, with George J. Meyer & Howard E. Smith (Chicago, Illinois: Meyer & Brother, 1906) Best Temperance Songs (Chicago, Illinois: The Glad Tidings Publishing Company, 1913) (music editor) Hymns of Hope (Chicago, Illinois: Thoro Harris, undated, circa 1922)

Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy

1809 - 1847 Meter: Composer of "GOUCHER" Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy (b. Hamburg, Germany, 1809; d. Leipzig, Germany, 1847) was the son of banker Abraham Mendelssohn and the grandson of philosopher Moses Mendelssohn. His Jewish family became Christian and took the Bartholdy name (name of the estate of Mendelssohn's uncle) when baptized into the Lutheran church. The children all received an excellent musical education. Mendelssohn had his first public performance at the age of nine and by the age of sixteen had written several symphonies. Profoundly influenced by J. S. Bach's music, he conducted a performance of the St. Matthew Passion in 1829 (at age 20!) – the first performance since Bach's death, thus reintroducing Bach to the world. Mendelssohn organized the Domchor in Berlin and founded the Leipzig Conservatory of Music in 1843. Traveling widely, he not only became familiar with various styles of music but also became well known himself in countries other than Germany, especially in England. He left a rich treasury of music: organ and piano works, overtures and incidental music, oratorios (including St. Paul or Elijah and choral works, and symphonies. He harmonized a number of hymn tunes himself, but hymnbook editors also arranged some of his other tunes into hymn tunes. Bert Polman

James Frederick Swift

1847 - 1931 Person Name: James F. Swift Meter: Composer of "TE LAUDANT OMNIA" in Redemption Songs Used pseudonym Godfrey Marks. See also Marks, Godfrey (Musician) ================ Swift, James Frederick, son of Joseph Swift, was born at Manchester, Dec. 28, 1847. In 1851 he removed with his parents to Liverpool, where he was educated at the Commercial School of Liverpool College. At an early age he displayed a talent for music, and performed in public as a pianist as early as 1859. In 1863 he was appointed organist at the Cranmer Wesleyan Chapel. Subsequently he was organist at St. Andrew's Church, Liver¬pool, for 10 years, and then, from 1886 to the present, at St. Bride's, in the same city. He has composed a large number of songs and instrumental pieces under the nom-de-plume of "Godfrey Marks." He has also written a number of hymns and sacred odes, for which he has composed music. From these eight were published with the music, in 1875, as Hymns for Home and Sacred Festivals (London, Novello). From this small collection the following hymns have come into common use:— 1. When evening shadows gather. Evening. Written in 1873, and first sung in public at the Wesleyan Choral. Festival in St. George's Hall, Liverpool, in 1874. It was included in his Hymns for Home, &c, No. 8, in 5 stanzas of 8 lines. It then passed into Thring's Collection, 1882, the Prim. Methodist Hymnal, 1887, and others. It is a very beautiful Evening Hymn. 2. Have you heard the sweet, sweet story? Life of Jesus. Written in 1874, and published in his Hymns for Home, &c, 1875, No. 4, in 5 stanzas of 8 lines, with a chorus of 4 lines. 3. When life is gay with sunshine. Refuge in Trouble. Written in 1874, and published in his Hymns for Home, &c, 1875, No. 7, in 3 st. of 8 1. Of these hymns Nos. 2, 3 have been largely used at Sunday School Anniversaries and similar gatherings. -- John Julian, Dictionary of Hymnology (1907)

Raquel Mora Martínez

b. 1940 Meter: Composer of "LIGHT DIVINE (Martínez)" Raquel Martinez (b. January 17, 1940) is a well-known composer and arranger of Hispanic songs and hymns. She has degrees from the University of Texas at El Paso and Perkins School of Theology and the School of the Arts, Southern Methodist University. She served as editor of the official United Methodist hymnal, Mil Voces Para Celebrar (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1996).

George F. LeJeune

1841 - 1904 Meter: Composer of "HOLY SPIRIT" in The Hymnal George Fitz-Curwood Le Jeune, 1841-1904 Born: June 18, 1841, London, England. Died: April 11, 1904, Staten Island, New York. Buried: Moravian Cemetery, Staten Island, New York. Le Jeune studied music under Joseph Barnby and George Macfarren in London. In 1863, he moved to Montréal, Canada, where he continued his studies with George Carter. He later moved to America, playing the organ in churches in Hartford, Connecticut, and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He became the organist at St. John’s Chapel of Trinity Parish, New York City, in 1876, and also directed the choir there. Sources: Hughes, p. 471

Christian Knorr von Rosenroth

1636 - 1689 Person Name: Christian Knorr, Baron von Rosenroth Meter: Author of "Jesus, Sun of Righteousness" in Christian Youth Hymnal Knorr, Christian, Baron von Rosenroth, son of Abraham Knorr yon Rosenroth, pastor at Altrauden in Silesia, was born at Altrauden, July 15, 1636. After studying at the Universities of Leipzig (where he graduated M.A. 1659, along with J. B. Carpzov, the famous Orientalist) and Wittenberg, he made an extended tour through France, England, and Holland. At Amsterdam he became acquainted with an Armenian prince, with the chief Rabbi, Meier Stern, from Frankfurt-am-Main, with Dr. John Lightfoot, Dr. Henry More, and others, and as the result of intercourse with them, devoted himself to the study of the Oriental languages, of chemistry, and of the cabalistic sciences. For his learning in these departments he was taken into the service of the like-minded Palsgrave Christian August of Sulzbach, who in 1668 appointed him Geheimrath and prime minister (Kanzlei-director). He was created Baron von Rosenroth by the Emperor Leopold I. in 1677, and died at Sulzbach (near Amberg, Bavaria), May 8, 1689, it is said at the hour he had himself predicted. (Wetzel, ii. 43, and A. H., ii. 444; Hömer's Nachrichten von Liederdichtern, Schwabach, 1775, p. 142, &c.) Knorr edited various Rabbinical writings, published various cabalistic works (e.g. his Kabbala denudata, 2 vols., Sulzbach, 1677), and was one of the seekers after the philosopher's stone. His hymns appeared as Neuer Helicon mit seiner Neun Musen, das ist: Geistliche Sitten-Lieder, &c. Nurnberg, 1684 [Hamburg Library], a work containing 70 hymns mostly flowing in expression and metre. Of these 12 are poetic versions from Boethius's De Consolatione Philosophiae, 8 are from Latin hymns, and 8 are recasts of older German hymns. Sixteen of his hymns were included by Freylinghausen in his Gesang-Buch, 1704 and 1714. Koch speaks of them not unjustly as "truly pious and spiritual," as "of genuine poetical elevation and glowing desire after inner union with Christ," and as the fruits of a "noble and chastely earnest mysticism." Two of Knorr's hymns have passed into English. One is a translation of "Ad coenam Agni" (p. 12 ii.). The other is Morgenglanz der Ewigkeit. Morning. This fine hymn appeared, 1684, as above, p. 159, in 7 st. of 6 1., entitled " Morning Prayer," and is included in the Berlin G. L. 8., ed. 1863, No. 1121. It is based on a hymn by M. Opitz, but is more happily expressed, and has attained much greater popularity. Fischer, ii. 94, speaks of it as "one of the freshest, most original, and spirited of Morning Hymns, as if born from the dew of the sunrise." In all the translations in common use, st. ii., v. are omitted. Translated as:— 1. Light of heaven's eternal day! A good translation by A. T. Russell, as No. 68 in the Dalston Hospital Hymn Book, 1848, repeated in his own Psalms & Hymns, 1851, and the Cheltenham College Hymn Book, 1866. 2. Dayspring of Eternity! Dawn on us this morning-tide. A good translation by Miss Winkworth in her Lyra Germanica, 1st Ser., 1855, p. 219. In full in the Hymnal for St. John's, Aberdeen, 1870, and E. Courtauld's Psalms, Hymns & Anthems, 1860; and abridged in Hymns of the Spirit Boston, U. S., 1864, Dr. Martineau's Hymns, 1873, and others. 3. Jesus, Sun of Righteousness. A good but rather free translation by Miss Borthwick, in Hymns from the Land of Luther, 2nd Ser., 1855, p. 23 (1884, p. 88), included in the Hymnal Companion, 1876; Evangelical Union Hymnal, 1878; Church Praise, 1883, &c.; and in America in the Sabbath Hymn Book, 1858; Pennsylvania Lutheran Church Book, 1868, and others. In E. T. Prust's Supplemental Hymn Book, 1869, Baptist Hymnal, 1879, and others, 1 l. 5, 6 of each st. are omitted. In Hatfield's Church Hymn Book, N. Y., 1872, Hymns & Songs of Praise, N. Y., 1874, and others, it is rewritten to 6 lines of 7's. 4. Come, Thou bright And morning star. A good translation contributed by R. Massie to the 1857 ed. of Mercer's The Church Psalter & Hymnbook., No. 502 (Ox. ed. 1864, No. 1), and in his own Lyra Domestica, 18&4, p. 136. Repeated in R. Minton Taylor's Hymnal, 1872, No. 42; Marlborough College Hymn Book, 1869 ; Rugby School Hymn Book, 1876, and others. 5. Sun of heaven's eternal day. A good translation contributed by Dr. John Ker to the United Presbyterian Juvenile Mission Magazine, 1858, p. 73; repeated in the Ibrox Hymnal 1871. 6. Dayspring of Eternity, Light of uncreated tight. By Dr. B. H. Kennedy, as No. 824 in his Hymnologia Christiana, 1863. 7. Dayspring of Eternity! Hide no more thy radiant dawning. A good translation by Miss Winkworth (based on her 1855 version), as No. 159 in her Chorale Book for England, 1863. Repeated in R. Minton Taylor's Hymnal, 1872, No. 43, and the Book of Church Praise, 1865 (Bosworth). 8. Dayspring of Eternity, Brightness of the Father's glory. A good but free translation by J. H. Hopkins, first published in Dr. Walter's Chorals & Hymns, 1866, and then in his own Carols, Hymns & Songs, 1882, p. 145. Included in the Hymns & Songs of Praise, N. Y., 1874. 9. Dayspring of Eternity, Brightness of the Light divine. In Brown-Borthwick's Select Hymns, 1871, and Church Hymns, 1871, compiled mainly from the translations by Miss Winkworth an« Miss Borthwick, but partly from Dr. Kennedy and Mr. Russell. Thence in J. L. Porter's Collection, 1876, and the Psalmist, 1878. 10. Dayspring of eternal day. A good translation by Edward Thring, contributed to the Uppingham and Sherborne School Hymn Book, 1874, No. 5. Other trs. are: (1) "Day-dawn of Eternity," by H. J. Buckoll, 1842, p. 35. (2) "Daystar from Eternity," in J. Sheppard's Foreign Sacred Lyre, 1857, p. 84. (3) and Reid's Praise Book, 1812, No. 404. [Rev. J. Mearns, M.A.] -- John Julian, Dictionary of Hymnology (1907) ===================== Knorr, Christian, Baron von Rosenroth, p. 620, i. E. Thring's translation of "Morgenglanz der Ewigkeit" (p. 630, i. 10), is altered in the Sherborne School Hymn Book, 1888, to "Day spring of Eternity, Light from depths of light unending." --John Julian, Dictionary of Hymnology, Appendix, Part II (1907)

Samuel Willoughby Duffield

1843 - 1887 Person Name: Samuel A. W. Duffield Meter: Translator (from Latin) of "Holy Spirit, Come and Shine" in The Cyber Hymnal Duffield, Samuel Augustus Willoughby, son of G. Duffield, jun., was born at Brooklyn, Sept. 24, 1843, and graduated at Yale College, 1863. In 1866 he was licensed, and in 1867 ordained as a Presbyterian Minister, and is now [1886] Pastor of West¬minster Church, Bloomfield, New Jersey. He published in 1867 a translation of Bernard's Hora novissima (q.v.): Warp and Woof; a Book of Verse, 1868 (copyright, 1870); and The Burial of the Dead (in conjunction with his father), 1882. In the Laudes Domini, N.Y., 1884, the following translations and an original hymn are by him:— 1. Holy Spirit, come and shine. A translation of "Veni Sancte Spiritus." 1883. 2. O Christ, the Eternal Light. A translation of "Christe lumen perpetuum." 1883. 3. O land, relieved from sorrow. On Heaven, written in 1875. 4. O what shall be, O when shall be. A translation of "O quanta qualia." 1883. 5. To Thee, O Christ, we ever pray. A translation of "Christe precamur annue." 1883. -- John Julian, Dictionary of Hymnology (1907) ================== Duffield, S. A. W. , p. 315, ii. He died May 12, 1887. His English Hymns, Their Authors and History, was published in 1886, and his Latin Hymn-Writers and their Hymns posthumously, edited by Dr. R. E. Thompson, in 1889. (See p. 1526, i.) --John Julian, Dictionary of Hymnology, Appendix, Part II (1907)


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