1674 - 1748 Person Name: Isaac Watts (1674-1748) Author of "Redemption Major" in An American Christmas Harp Isaac Watts was the son of a schoolmaster, and was born in Southampton, July 17, 1674. He is said to have shown remarkable precocity in childhood, beginning the study of Latin, in his fourth year, and writing respectable verses at the age of seven. At the age of sixteen, he went to London to study in the Academy of the Rev. Thomas Rowe, an Independent minister. In 1698, he became assistant minister of the Independent Church, Berry St., London. In 1702, he became pastor. In 1712, he accepted an invitation to visit Sir Thomas Abney, at his residence of Abney Park, and at Sir Thomas' pressing request, made it his home for the remainder of his life. It was a residence most favourable for his health, and for the prosecution of his literary labours. He did not retire from ministerial duties, but preached as often as his delicate health would permit.
The number of Watts' publications is very large. His collected works, first published in 1720, embrace sermons, treatises, poems and hymns. His "Horae Lyricae" was published in December, 1705. His "Hymns" appeared in July, 1707. The first hymn he is said to have composed for religious worship, is "Behold the glories of the Lamb," written at the age of twenty. It is as a writer of psalms and hymns that he is everywhere known. Some of his hymns were written to be sung after his sermons, giving expression to the meaning of the text upon which he had preached. Montgomery calls Watts "the greatest name among hymn-writers," and the honour can hardly be disputed. His published hymns number more than eight hundred.
Watts died November 25, 1748, and was buried at Bunhill Fields. A monumental statue was erected in Southampton, his native place, and there is also a monument to his memory in the South Choir of Westminster Abbey. "Happy," says the great contemporary champion of Anglican orthodoxy, "will be that reader whose mind is disposed, by his verses or his prose, to imitate him in all but his non-conformity, to copy his benevolence to men, and his reverence to God." ("Memorials of Westminster Abbey," p. 325.)
--Annotations of the Hymnal, Charles Hutchins, M.A., 1872.
Watts, Isaac, D.D. The father of Dr. Watts was a respected Nonconformist, and at the birth of the child, and during its infancy, twice suffered imprisonment for his religious convictions. In his later years he kept a flourishing boarding school at Southampton. Isaac, the eldest of his nine children, was born in that town July 17, 1674. His taste for verse showed itself in early childhood. He was taught Greek, Latin, and Hebrew by Mr. Pinhorn, rector of All Saints, and headmaster of the Grammar School, in Southampton. The splendid promise of the boy induced a physician of the town and other friends to offer him an education at one of the Universities for eventual ordination in the Church of England: but this he refused; and entered a Nonconformist Academy at Stoke Newington in 1690, under the care of Mr. Thomas Rowe, the pastor of the Independent congregation at Girdlers' Hall. Of this congregation he became a member in 1693.
Leaving the Academy at the age of twenty, he spent two years at home; and it was then that the bulk of the Hymns and Spiritual Songs (published 1707-9) were written, and sung from manuscripts in the Southampton Chapel. The hymn "Behold the glories of the Lamb" is said to have been the first he composed, and written as an attempt to raise the standard of praise. In answer to requests, others succeeded. The hymn "There is a land of pure delight" is said to have been suggested by the view across Southampton Water. The next six years of Watts's life were again spent at Stoke Newington, in the post of tutor to the son of an eminent Puritan, Sir John Hartopp; and to the intense study of these years must be traced the accumulation of the theological and philosophical materials which he published subsequently, and also the life-long enfeeblement of his constitution.
Watts preached his first sermon when he was twenty-four years old. In the next three years he preached frequently; and in 1702 was ordained pastor of the eminent Independent congregation in Mark Lane, over which Caryl and Dr. John Owen had presided, and which numbered Mrs. Bendish, Cromwell's granddaughter, Charles Fleetwood, Charles Desborough, Sir John Hartopp, Lady Haversham, and other distinguished Independents among its members. In this year he removed to the house of Mr. Hollis in the Minories. His health began to fail in the following year, and Mr. Samuel Price was appointed as his assistant in the ministry. In 1712 a fever shattered his constitution, and Mr. Price was then appointed co-pastor of the congregation which had in the meantime removed to a new chapel in Bury Street. It was at this period that he became the guest of Sir Thomas Abney, under whose roof, and after his death (1722) that of his widow, he remained for the rest of his suffering life; residing for the longer portion of these thirty-six years principally at the beautiful country seat of Theobalds in Herts, and for the last thirteen years at Stoke Newington. His degree of D.D. was bestowed on him in 1728, unsolicited, by the University of Edinburgh. His infirmities increased on him up to the peaceful close of his sufferings, Nov. 25, 1748. He was buried in the Puritan restingplace at Bunhill Fields, but a monument was erected to him in Westminster Abbey.
His learning and piety, gentleness and largeness of heart have earned him the title of the Melanchthon of his day. Among his friends, churchmen like Bishop Gibson are ranked with Nonconformists such as Doddridge. His theological as well as philosophical fame was considerable. His Speculations on the Human Nature of the Logos, as a contribution to the great controversy on the Holy Trinity, brought on him a charge of Arian opinions. His work on The Improvement of the Mind, published in 1741, is eulogised by Johnson. His Logic was still a valued textbook at Oxford within living memory. The World to Come, published in 1745, was once a favourite devotional work, parts of it being translated into several languages. His Catechisms, Scripture History (1732), as well as The Divine and Moral Songs (1715), were the most popular text-books for religious education fifty years ago. The Hymns and Spiritual Songs were published in 1707-9, though written earlier. The Horae Lyricae, which contains hymns interspersed among the poems, appeared in 1706-9. Some hymns were also appended at the close of the several Sermons preached in London, published in 1721-24. The Psalms were published in 1719. The earliest life of Watts is that by his friend Dr. Gibbons. Johnson has included him in his Lives of the Poets; and Southey has echoed Johnson's warm eulogy. The most interesting modern life is Isaac Watts: his Life and Writings, by E. Paxton Hood. [Rev. H. Leigh Bennett, M.A.]
A large mass of Dr. Watts's hymns and paraphrases of the Psalms have no personal history beyond the date of their publication. These we have grouped together here and shall preface the list with the books from which they are taken.
(l) Horae Lyricae. Poems chiefly of the Lyric kind. In Three Books Sacred: i.To Devotion and Piety; ii. To Virtue, Honour, and Friendship; iii. To the Memory of the Dead. By I. Watts, 1706. Second edition, 1709. (2) Hymns and Spiritual Songs. In Three Books: i. Collected from the Scriptures; ii. Composed on Divine Subjects; iii. Prepared for the Lord's Supper. By I. Watts, 1707. This contained in Bk i. 78 hymns; Bk. ii. 110; Bk. iii. 22, and 12 doxologies. In the 2nd edition published in 1709, Bk. i. was increased to 150; Bk. ii. to 170; Bk. iii. to 25 and 15 doxologies. (3) Divine and Moral Songs for the Use of Children. By I. Watts, London, 1715. (4) The Psalms of David Imitated in the Language of the New Testament, And apply'd to the Christian State and Worship. By I. Watts. London: Printed by J. Clark, at the Bible and Crown in the Poultry, &c, 1719. (5) Sermons with hymns appended thereto, vol. i., 1721; ii., 1723; iii. 1727. In the 5th ed. of the Sermons the three volumes, in duodecimo, were reduced to two, in octavo. (6) Reliquiae Juveniles: Miscellaneous Thoughts in Prose and Verse, on Natural, Moral, and Divine Subjects; Written chiefly in Younger Years. By I. Watts, D.D., London, 1734. (7) Remnants of Time. London, 1736.
454 Hymns and Versions of the Psalms, in addition to the centos are all in common use at the present time.
--Excerpts from John Julian, Dictionary of Hymnology (1907)
Watts, I. , p. 1241, ii. Nearly 100 hymns, additional to those already annotated, are given in some minor hymn-books.
--John Julian, Dictionary of Hymnology, Appendix, Part II (1907)
Watts, I. , p. 1236, i. At the time of the publication of this Dictionary in 1892, every copy of the 1707 edition of Watts's Hymns and Spiritual Songs was supposed to have perished, and all notes thereon were based upon references which were found in magazines and old collections of hymns and versions of the Psalms. Recently three copies have been recovered, and by a careful examination of one of these we have been able to give some of the results in the revision of pp. 1-1597, and the rest we now subjoin.
i. Hymns in the 1709 ed. of Hymns and Spiritual Songs which previously appeared in the 1707 edition of the same book, but are not so noted in the 1st ed. of this Dictionary:—
On pp. 1237, L-1239, ii., Nos. 18, 33, 42, 43, 47, 48, 60, 56, 58, 59, 63, 75, 82, 83, 84, 85, 93, 96, 99, 102, 104, 105, 113, 115, 116, 123, 124, 134, 137, 139, 146, 147, 148, 149, 162, 166, 174, 180, 181, 182, 188, 190, 192, 193, 194, 195, 197, 200, 202.
ii. Versions of the Psalms in his Psalms of David, 1719, which previously appeared in his Hymns and Spiritual Songs, 1707:—
On pp. 1239, U.-1241, i., Nos. 241, 288, 304, 313, 314, 317, 410, 441.
iii. Additional not noted in the revision:—
1. My soul, how lovely is the place; p. 1240, ii. 332. This version of Ps. lxiv. first appeared in the 1707 edition of Hymns & Spiritual Songs, as "Ye saints, how lovely is the place."
2. Shine, mighty God, on Britain shine; p. 1055, ii. In the 1707 edition of Hymns & Spiritual Songs, Bk. i., No. 35, and again in his Psalms of David, 1719.
3. Sing to the Lord with [cheerful] joyful voice, p. 1059, ii. This version of Ps. c. is No. 43 in the Hymns & Spiritual Songs, 1707, Bk. i., from which it passed into the Ps. of David, 1719.
A careful collation of the earliest editions of Watts's Horae Lyricae shows that Nos. 1, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 16, p. 1237, i., are in the 1706 ed., and that the rest were added in 1709. Of the remaining hymns, Nos. 91 appeared in his Sermons, vol. ii., 1723, and No. 196 in Sermons, vol. i., 1721. No. 199 was added after Watts's death. It must be noted also that the original title of what is usually known as Divine and Moral Songs was Divine Songs only.
--John Julian, Dictionary of Hymnology, New Supplement (1907)
See also in:
Hymn Writers of the Church
1842 - 1895 Person Name: Daniel S. Warner Author of "The Redemption Story" in Timeless Truths Warner, Daniel Sidney. (near Marshallville, Wayne County, Ohio, 1842--1895). Church of God. Reared on an Ohio farm. During the Civil War, he substituted for a brother. Later he taught school. He attended Oberlin College briefly in 1865. By 1867 he was licensed to preach by the Western Ohio Eldership of the Church of God (Winebrennerian). His experience in preaching was gained on circuits in Nebraska and Ohio. In 1874 he was in trouble with the Eldership for preaching entire sanctification. Soon he joined the Indiana Eldership. In 1881 he was in trouble with this Eldership over sectism.
Warner was an associate editor of the Herals of Gospel Freedom in 1878. this paper was merged with the Pilgrim about 1881, and the new paper was called the Gospel Trumpet, with Warner as its editor. Warner was forced to move the paper about, seeing for firm financial foundations. The publishing work was at last established in Grand Junction, Michigan, enabling Warner to travel more extensively with a group of evangelists. Warner's time was spent in editing the Trumpet, writing books, tracts, and songs, and making evangelistic tours of the United States.
--John W.V. Smith, DNAH Archives
Daniel Sidney Warner, 1842-1895
Born: June 25, 1842, Bristol (now Marshallville), Ohio.
Died: December 12, 1895, Grand Junction, Michigan, of pneumonia.
Buried: Near Grand Junction, Michigan, at the edge of the Church of God campground that was once there.
As of 1880, Warner was living in Rome City, Indiana. His works include:
Echoes From Glory, with Barney Warren (Grand Junction, Michigan: The Gospel Trumpet Publishing Company, 1893)
Ah Poor Alien Far from the Fold of Love
Ah Poor Sinner, Think of Calvary
All This World, Its Wealth and Honor
All Ye People, Come Down to the Judgment Begun
Along a Dark and Gloomy Path
Are You of the Holy Remnant
Are You Ready, Waiting for the Lord?
Are You Sowing Seeds of Kindness?
Asleep in Jesus, Oh, How Sweet
A Gentle Hand Unseen by Us
A Long Time I Wandered Away
Beautiful, Peaceful Zion
Behold a Form upon the Lonely Mount
Behold, What Love, What Boundless Love
Bond of Perfectness, The
Borne Away in Mind and Spirit
Brighter Days Are Sweetly Dawning
By Thy Blessed Word Obeying
Can the Spirit of a Mortal
Church of God, Thou Spotless Virgin
Church of the Living God
Come, Behold the Love of Jesus
Come unto Me, All Ye That Labor
Come, Within That Upper Chamber
Dear Friends, We Have Precious Tidings of Old
Don’t Resist the Holy Spirit
Down into the Flowing River
Do You Triumph, O My Brother?
Ere Christ Will Reign Within Thy Heart
Fair City of the Gospel Day
Far Down o’er the Ages a Promise Divine
Fill Me with Thy Spirit
From My Soul and All Within
From the Mount of Heavenly Vision
God Is Sitting in the Awful Valley
God Is Sweeping through the Nations
God of Mercy, God of Love
Great Peace Have They That Love Thy Law
Hallelujah to Jesus!
Hark, in the Bible a Warning
Hear the Tidings of a Kingdom
Hear the Voice of Our Commander
Hear Ye the Moan of a Soul That Is Lost
Here We Meet and Part in Jesus
His Yoke Is Easy
How Often I’ve Pondered My Struggles Within
How Sweet Is My Walk with Jesus!
How Sweet This Bond of Perfectness
I Am Resting in Jesus, Hallelujah!
I Know My Name Is There
I Heard the Dear Redeemer Say
I Lost My Life for Jesus on the Cross
I Ought to Love My Savior
I Seem to Hear an Angel Choir
I Will Be with Thee, O, Child of Love
I Will Part with Thee, Old Master
I Will Trust Thee, O My Father
If Thou Wilt Know the Fountain Deep
I’ll Sing of a River Divine
In the Chambers of Thy Bosom
In the Light of God
In the Morning of the Lord
Is the Spirit Glowing in Thy Heart?
It Is Written in the Bible
I’ve Found a Friend in Jesus
I’ve Found My Lord and He Is Mine
I’ve Reached the Land of Pure Delight
Jesus Drank the Cup of Sorrow
Jesus Has Taken My Load of Sin
Jesus, Thou a Fountain Art
Last Great Day, The
Let Us Sing an Invitation
Let Us Sing a Sweet Song of the Home of the Soul
Let Us Sing the Name of Jesus
Life Is Not a Mystic Dream
Light in Our Darkness, Brother
Lord Our Shepherd, The
Listen, Sinner, to the Voice
Lord, the Shades of Night
Lo, Heaven Now Opens to Rapturous View
Lo the Kingdom of Heaven We See
Lo, wisdom Crieth in the Streets
Mansion Is Waiting in Glory, A
Men Speak of a Church Triumphant
Mighty Messengers Are Running
My Jesus Died for Me upon the Cross
My Name Is in the Book of Life
My Soul in Trouble Roamed
My Soul Is Satisfied
My Soul Is Saved from Sin
Not in the Temples Made with Hands
Now My Pilgrim toils Are Over
Now the Great King of Babel
O Blessed Jesus, for Thee W Are Waiting
O Blessed Jesus, Thy Love Is Supreme
O Careless Sinner, Wake to Mercy’s Call
O God, Inspire Our Morning Hymn
O How Can Anyone Refuse
O How Sublime Is the Life of the Christian
O Let Us Sing the Mighty Love
O Love Divine, Unfathomed!
O Praise the Lord, My Soul Is Saved
O Precious Bible! Burning Words from Heaven
O Sinner, Come Home to the Savior
O W Love the Children’s Meeting
O What Deep and Pure Compassion
O Worship God, the Father
O Ye Pilgrims, Sing an Exhortation
O’er the Door of Heaven’s Kingdom
Oft My Heart Has Bled with Sorrow
Oh, Worship God the Father, Just and True
Oh, Come and Praise the Lord Today
Oh, When We Remember the Goodness
O Who Can Stand the Judgment Day
Oh, Why Should I Be Lost
Onward Moves the Great Eternal
Our God Is Love, the Angels Know
Perishing Souls at Stake Today!
Pilgrim of Jesus, o’er Life’s Troubled Sea
Praise the Lord with Songs of Glory
Rejoice, Little Ones, in the Promise Divine
River of Peace
Salvation Is the Sweetest Thing
See the Great King of Babel
Shall I Tell You Why I Ceased from Folly?
Shall My Soul Ascend with Rapture
Shield of Faith, The
Since I Have Found My Savior
Sing of Salvation, O, it Was Love
Sinner, will You Lose Your Soul
Sunbeams Sparkling and Glancing
Sweet Fellowship, Thy Crystal Tide
Sweetly Whispered the Lord in My Mind
Take the Shield of Faith, My Brother
Tell Me, Pilgrim, Traveling Homeward
Tell Me, Watchman, Oh, What of the Morning
There Are Some Rays of Hope Divine
There Are Tidings of a Land Far Away
There Is a Blest Pavilion
There Is a Grace Few Mortals Find
There Is a Story I Often Must Ponder
There Is Joy in the Service of the Master
There Was a Bright and Lovely Boy
There’s an Angel of Mercy from Heaven
There’s a Fact No Mortal Ever Can Deny
There’s a Fountain of Blood That Atones for the Soul
There’s a Land of Everlasting Song
There’s a Peaceful Valley of Decision Found
There’s a Song We Love to Sing
There’s an Awful Day That’s Coming
There’s Mercy, Poor Sinner, for Thee
There’s Music in My Soul
This Is Why I Love My Savior
Tho’ All Along My Happy Pilgrim Race
Time Enough, the Sluggard Cries
Time Onward Flows Like a River Vast
Trusting in Jesus, My Savior and Friend
’Twas Sung by the Poets
Two Little Hands Are Sweetly Folded
Unheeding Winter’s Cruel Blast
Universe Is God’s Domain, The
We Are Coming, Hallelujah!
We Are Going Home to Heaven’s Golden City
We Are the Happy Children
We Have Met Today on the Old Campground
We Have Reached an Awful Era
We Have Read in Sacred Story
We Stand upon the Sea of Glass
We Tread upon the Awful Verge
We Will Work for Jesus
We’ll Follow the Lord All the Way
We’re a Happy Christian Band
What Awful Darkness Shrouds All the Earth!
When Lost in the Darkness of Guilt and Despair
When We Pass the Golden Summer
Where Art Thou, Wand’ring Sinner?
Where Shall We Look for Help in Affliction?
While Sleeping Careless on the Brink
Whiter Than Snow
Who but the Christian Is Happy and Free?
Who Can Sing the Wondrous Love of the Son Divine??
Who Is My Life but Christ Alone?
Who Will Suffer with the Savior?
Why Should a Doubt or Fear Arise?
Why Should a Mortal Man Complain?
Wonderful Fountain of Glory
D. S. Warner