Isaac Watts was the son of a schoolmaster, and was born in Southampton, July 17, 1674. He is said to have shown remarkable precocity in childhood, beginning the study of Latin, in his fourth year, and writing respectable verses at the age of seven. At the age of sixteen, he went to London to study in the Academy of the Rev. Thomas Rowe, an Independent minister. In 1698, he became assistant minister of the Independent Church, Berry St., London. In 1702, he became pastor. In 1712, he accepted an invitation to visit Sir Thomas Abney, at his residence of Abney Park, and at Sir Thomas' pressing request, made it his home for the remainder of his life. It was a residence most favourable for his health, and for the prosecution of his literary… Go to person page >
O Thou Whose justice reigns on high. I. Watts. [Psalms lvi.] Appeared in his Psalms of David, &c, 1719, p. 150, in 10 stanzas of 4 lines, and headed "Deliverance from Oppres¬sion and Falsehood; Or, God's care of His People in answer to Faith and Prayer." Three centos are in common use: (1) "O Thou Whose justice reigns on high"; (2) "God counts the sorrows of His saints," and (3) "In God, most holy, just, and true." These centos are not in extensive use.
--John Julian, Dictionary of Hymnology (1907)