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Translator (into Hawaiian): Stephen Desha

Born: July 11, 1859, La­haina, Maui, Ha­wa­ii. Died: July 22, 1934. Buried: Ho­me­la­ni Me­mor­i­al Park, Hi­lo, Ha­wa­ii. Son of John Rol­lin Lang­hern De­sha and Eli­za Brew­er De­sha, Ste­phen was ed­ucated in the Ha­wai­ian schools, the Roy­al School and North Pa­ci­fic In­st­itute in Hon­o­l­ulu. He out­lived four wives: Hat­ie Ka­ma­ka (1883), Mary Ka­a­ko­pua Ke­ku­ma­no (1884), Rose Ka­pu, and Ju­lia H. Ke­o­na­o­na (1913). Desha was pas­tor of Na­poo­poo Church (1884-89) and Ha­i­li Church of Hi­lo (1889). He be­came su­per­vis­or of the Coun­ty of Ha­wa­ii when the coun­ty gov­ern­ment was inau­gu­rat­ed in 1905, and was elect­ed to the third Board of Su­pe… Go to person page >

Translator (into English): J. Freeman Young

John Freeman Young (1820-1885) Born: Oc­to­ber 30, 1820, Pitts­ton, Maine. Died: No­vem­ber 15, 1885, New York Ci­ty. Buried: Old Ci­ty Cem­e­te­ry, Jack­son­ville, Flor­i­da. Young at­tend­ed Wes­ley­an Un­i­ver­si­ty, Mid­dle­town, Con­nec­ti­cut; Wes­ley­an Sem­in­a­ry, Read­field, Maine; and the Vir­gin­ia The­o­lo­gic­al Sem­in­ary, Al­ex­and­ria, Vir­gin­ia. Or­dained a Pro­test­ant Epis­co­pal min­is­ter, he served in Tex­as, Mis­sis­sip­pi, Lou­i­si­a­na, and New York, and be­came the se­cond bi­shop of Flor­i­da in 1867. His works in­clude: Carols for Christ­mas Tide (New York: Dan­i­el Da­na, Jr., 1859) Hymns and Mu­sic for the Young, 1860-61… Go to person page >

Author: Joseph Mohr

Mohr, Joseph, was born at Salzburg, Austria, on Dec. 11, 1792. After being ordained priest on Aug. 21, 1815, by the Roman Catholic Bishop of Salzburg, he was successively assistant at Ramsau and at Laufen; then coadjutor at Kuchl, at Golling, at Vigaun, at Adnet, and at Authering; then Vicar-Substitute at Hof and at Hintersee--all in the diocese of Salzburg. In 1828 he was appointed Vicar at Hintersee, and in 1837 at Wagrein, near St. Johann. He died at Wagrein, Dec. 4, 1848. The only hymn by him translated into English is:— Stille Nacht! heilige Nacht! Christmas. This pretty little carol was written for Christmas, 1818, while Mohr was assistant clergyman at Laufen, on the Salza, near Salzburg, and was set to music (as in the Garland o… Go to person page >

Text Information

First Line: Polai e, Pokamaha'o
Title: PO LA'I E
English Title: Silent Night, Holy Night
Translator (into Hawaiian): Stephen Desha
Translator (into English): J. Freeman Young
Author: Joseph Mohr
Language: Hawaiian
Publication Date: 1972
Copyright: This text may still be under copyright because it was published in 1972.



Although he composed nearly one hundred works, Franz Gruber is remembered for only one–the tune of "Silent Night," composed on Christmas Eve, 1818. He scored the tune for tenor and bass soli (sung by Mohr and Gruber on that night) with the final phrase to be repeated in harmony (sung by the villag…

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