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Composer (attr.): Michael Haydn
Published in 71 hymnals

Printable scores: PDF, MusicXML
Audio files: MIDI, Recording

Composer (attr.): Michael Haydn

Joann Michael Haydn; b. 1737, Rohrau, Austria; d. 1806, Salzburg Evangelical Lutheran Hymnal, 1908 Go to person page >

Tune Information

Composer (attr.): Michael Haydn
Incipit: 35555 13322 44323
Key: E♭ Major
Source: Lausanne Psalter


GREENLAND, an example of the popular nineteenth-century practice of creating hymn tunes from the works of classical composers, is thought to be originally from one of J. Michael Haydn's (PHH 67) "Deutschen Kirchen Messen." The tune acquired its title from its occasional association with the text "From Greenland's Icy Mountains" by Reginald Heber (PHH 249). The harmonization is from Benjamin Jacob's National Psalmody (1819). Jacob (b. London, England, 1778; d. London, 1829) became the organist of Salem Chapel in Soho, London, at age ten. Known as one of the best organists of his day, he was also active as a pianist and conductor. He included his own tunes and harmonizations as well as those of others in the 1819 hymnbook he compiled. GREENLAND has a large range, strong high points, and a rising "rocket" figure at the beginning of the fourth line. It is well suited to choral harmony with brass accompaniment. Because the first two stanzas are sung by believers to believers, the congregation could divide as follows: women on stanza 1; men on stanza 2; all on stanza 3. Sing the hymn with a great sense of rejoicing, but note the change (st. 2-3) to a sense of hopeful expectation that Christ will soon return. --Psalter Hymnal Handbook


Christian Classics Ethereal Hymnary #708
  • Four-part harmony, full-score (PDF, NWC)
The Cyber Hymnal #2194
Text: How Beauteous on the Mountains
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
The Cyber Hymnal #4994
Text: O Hear Them Marching, Marching
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
Psalter Hymnal (Gray) #333
Text: Rejoice, Rejoice, Believers
  • Bulletin Score (melody only) (PDF)
  • Full Score (PDF, XML)
  • Bulletin Score (PDF)


Instances (1 - 8 of 8)Text InfoTune InfoTextScoreFlexScoreAudioPage Scan
Christian Classics Ethereal Hymnary #708ScoreAudio
Small Church Music #2117Audio
生命聖詩 - Hymns of Life, 1986 #216
Les Chants du Pèlerin #72
Psalter Hymnal (Gray) #333Text InfoTune InfoTextScoreAudioPage Scan
The Cyber Hymnal #2194TextScoreAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #4994TextScoreAudio
The New National Baptist Hymnal #103
Include 63 pre-1979 instances
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