John Douglas Sutherland Campbell, Duke of Argyll

John Douglas Sutherland Campbell, Duke of Argyll
Short Name: John Douglas Sutherland Campbell, Duke of Argyll
Full Name: Argyll, John Douglas Sutherland Campbell, Duke of, 1845-1914
Birth Year: 1845
Death Year: 1914

John George Henry Douglas Sutherland Campbell LLD [Duke of Argyll] United Kingdom 1845-1914. Born in London to George Campbell, Marques of Lorne, and styled Earl of Campbell from birth, he assumed his father's title at the age of 21 months, when his father became 8th Duke of Argyll. He bore that title until age 54. Educated at Edinburgh, Eton College, St. Andrews and at Trinity College, Cambridge, he also went to the National Art Training School. He traveled widely for 10 years throughout North and Central America, writing literature and poetry. In the UK, from 1868, he represented the constituency of Argyllshire as a Liberal member of Parliament in the House of Commons. He made little impression there. He was appointed Lt. Col. Commandant of the 1st Argyll & Bute Artillary Volunteers. He married Queen Victoria's 4th daughter, Princess Louise. They shared interest for art, but the marriage was childless and unhappy, and they spent much time apart.
At 33, he was appointed Governor General of Canada. He and Louise made many contributions to Canadian society, especially in the arts and sciences. They encouraged establishment of the Royal Society of Canada, the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, and the National Gallery of Canada, even selecting some of its paintings. Campbell was also involved in completion of the Canadain Pacific Railway and a hospital in British Columbia. He and his wife held lavish parties while in Canada. In 1881, Louise returned to England, and the Lord also in 1883, when he published his memoirs of Canada and Scotland. He was Governor and Constable of Windsor Castle from 1892 to 1914. He died of pneumonia in 1914. He received 4 Knightings and 4 special honors for his accomplishments. Towns, buildings, streets and parks were named for him.

John Perry

Wikipedia Biography

John George Edward Henry Douglas Sutherland Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll, KG, KT, GCMG, GCVO, VD, PC (6 August 1845 – 2 May 1914), usually better known by the courtesy title Marquess of Lorne, by which he was known between 1847 and 1900, was a British nobleman who was Governor General of Canada from 1878 to 1883. He was the husband of Princess Louise, fourth daughter of Queen Victoria. He was the first president of "Rangers Football Club", thanks to his Argyll ties to the original founders of the football club.

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