Louis Bourgeois

Short Name: Louis Bourgeois
Full Name: Bourgeois, Louis, 1510-1561
Birth Year: 1510
Death Year: 1561

Louis Bourgeois (b. Paris, France, c. 1510; d. Paris, 1561). In both his early and later years Bourgeois wrote French songs to entertain the rich, but in the history of church music he is known especially for his contribution to the Genevan Psalter. Apparently moving to Geneva in 1541, the same year John Calvin returned to Geneva from Strasbourg, Bourgeois served as cantor and master of the choristers at both St. Pierre and St. Gervais, which is to say he was music director there under the pastoral leadership of Calvin. Bourgeois used the choristers to teach the new psalm tunes to the congregation.

The extent of Bourgeois's involvement in the Genevan Psalter is a matter of scholar­ly debate. Calvin had published several partial psalters, including one in Strasbourg in 1539 and another in Geneva in 1542, with melodies by unknown composers. In 1551 another French psalter appeared in Geneva, Eighty-three Psalms of David, with texts by Marot and de Beze, and with most of the melodies by Bourgeois, who supplied thirty­ four original tunes and thirty-six revisions of older tunes. This edition was republished repeatedly, and later Bourgeois's tunes were incorporated into the complete Genevan Psalter (1562). However, his revision of some older tunes was not uniformly appreciat­ed by those who were familiar with the original versions; he was actually imprisoned overnight for some of his musical arrangements but freed after Calvin's intervention. In addition to his contribution to the 1551 Psalter, Bourgeois produced a four-part harmonization of fifty psalms, published in Lyons (1547, enlarged 1554), and wrote a textbook on singing and sight-reading, La Droit Chemin de Musique (1550). He left Geneva in 1552 and lived in Lyons and Paris for the remainder of his life.

Bert Polman

Wikipedia Biography

Loys "Louis" Bourgeois (French: [buʁʒwa]; c. 1510 – 1559) was a French composer and music theorist of the Renaissance. He is most famous as one of the main compilers of Calvinist hymn tunes in the middle of the 16th century. One of the most famous melodies in all of Christendom, the Protestant doxology known as the Old 100th, is commonly attributed to him.

Tunes by Louis Bourgeois (59)sort descendingAsInstances
GENEVAN 138Loys Bourgeois, h. 1510-h. 1561 (Composer)1
HÖCHSTEN NÖTHENLoys Bourgeois, h. 1510-h. 1561 (Composer)1
[Óh felséges Ur mi kegyes Istenünk]Loys Bourgeois, h. 1510-h. 1561 (Composer)2
[Ur Isten az én imádságom]Loys Bourgeois, h. 1510-h. 1561 (Composer)2
ALL LANDSLouis Bourgeois (Composer)2
[Amen]Louis Bourgeois, c. 1510-1561 (Composer)3
Amens, SingleLouis Bourgeois (Composer)3
ASCENDING KINGLouis Bourgeois (Composer)3
[おききください主よ [Okiki kudasai, Syu yo]]Louis Bourgeois, 1510-1572 (Composer)2
BOURGEOISLouis Bourgeois (Composer)3
ST. MICHAEL (Genevan)Louis Bourgeois (Composer)30
[Nosza Isten félő szent hivek]L. Bourgeois (Composer)3
AU FORT DE MA DETRESSELouis Bourgeois (Composer)7
FRANCL. Bourgeois (Composer)1
GENEVAN 100Louis Bourgeois (Composer)5
GENEVAN 101Louis Bourgeois (Composer)3
GENEVAN 119Louis Bourgeois (Composer)4
DONNE SECOURSLouis Bourgeois (Composer)7
GENEVAN 133Louis Bourgeois (Composer)2
OLD HUNDREDTHLouis Bourgeois (Composer)446
GENEVAN 150Louis Bourgeois (Composer)1
GENEVAN 25Louis Bourgeois (Composer)10
GENEVAN 27Louis Bourgeois (Composer)2
O SEIGNEURLouis Bourgeois (Composer)5
GENEVAN 42Louis Bourgeois (Composer)56
GENEVAN 47Louis Bourgeois (Composer)4
GENEVAN 51Louis Bourgeois (Composer)4
GENEVAN 6Louis Bourgeois (Composer)8
GENEVAN PSALM 110Louis Bourgeois (Composer)3
HERZLIEBSTER JESULoys Bourgeois (Arranger)1
HEUREUX CELUI QUI FUITLouis Bourgeois (Composer)2
HOLY HILLLouis Bourgeois (Composer)2
JE TE SALUELouis Bourgeois (Composer)3
JERUSALEM'S PEACELouis Bourgeois (Composer)2
JUBILATIONLouis Bourgeois (Composer)2
GENEVAN 121Louis Bourgeois (Composer)2
WENN WIR IN HÖCHSTEN NÖTEN SEINLouis Bourgeois (Attributed)48
L'OMNIPOTENTLouis Bourgeois (Composer)7
[O Lord Most High] (Bourgeois)L. Bourgeois (Composer)1
[Te benned biztunk eleitől fogva]L. Bourgeois (Composer)1
NEAR UNTO GODLouis Bourgeois (Composer)2
GEWISSHEITL. Bourgeois (Composer)1
NUNC DIMITTIS (Bourgeois)Louis Bourgeois (Composer)38
OLD 107THLouis Bourgeois (Composer or Arranger)5
OLD 124THLouis Bourgeois (Composer)12
OLD 117THLouis Bourgeois (Composer)2
[O Lord, our God! how great art thou]L. Bourgeois (Composer)1
GENEVAN PSALM 22Louis Bourgeois (Composer)9
GENEVAN 77Louis Bourgeois (Composer)2
RENDEZ À DIEULouis Bourgeois, c. 1510-1561 (Composer (attr.))89
GENEVAN 19Louis Bourgeois (Composer)3
RICHIERLouis Bourgeois, c. 1510-1561 (Composer)2
[Så älskade Gud världen all]Bourgeois (Composer)2
[そむくものの かずは [Somuku Mono no Kazu wa]]Louis Bourgeois, 1510-1572 (Composer)2
[Az Ur én nekem őriző pásztorom] L. Bourgeois (Composer)1
TOULONLouis Bourgeois (Composer)24
MON DIEU PRETE-MOI L'OREILLELouis Bourgeois (Composer)8
WIL MIJ, WANNEER IK ROEPLouis Bourgeois, 1510-1572 (Composer)2
GENEVAN 65Louis Bourgeois (Composer)4

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