Thomas Raffles was born in London in 1788. He studied at Homerton College, and in 1809 became pastor of a Congregational society at Hammersmith. In 1812, he removed to Liverpool, where he was minister in the Great George Street chapel. This position he held for forty-nine years. He died at Liverpool, in 1863. He published several sermons, letters of travel, poems, and hymns for the use of his congregation.
--Annotations of the Hymnal, Charles Hutchins, M.A. 1872.… Go to person page >
Blest hour when mortal man retires. T. Raffles. [Hour of Prayer.] Printed in the Amulet for 1829, pp. 304-5, in 6 stanzas of 4 lines. One of the first to adapt it to congregational use was the Rev. J. Bickersteth, who included 4 stanzas in his Psalms & Hymns, 1832, as No. 242. Its modern use in any form in Great Britain is almost unknown, but in America it is one of the most popular of Dr. Raffles’s hymns, and is given in many of the leading collections. The full text is No. 883 in Dr. Hatfield's Church Hymn Book, N. Y., 1872. Dr. Hatfield dates the hymn 1828, probably because contributions to the Amulet of 1829 would be sent to the editor in 1828.
Lowell Mason (PHH 96) composed HAMBURG (named after the German city) in 1824. The tune was published in the 1825 edition of Mason's Handel and Haydn Society Collection of Church Music. Mason indicated that the tune was based on a chant in the first Gregorian tone.
HAMBURG is a very simple tune with…