BLAIRGOWRIE (Dykes)

Composer: John Bacchus Dykes

As a young child John Bacchus Dykes (b. Kingston-upon-Hull' England, 1823; d. Ticehurst, Sussex, England, 1876) took violin and piano lessons. At the age of ten he became the organist of St. John's in Hull, where his grandfather was vicar. After receiving a classics degree from St. Catherine College, Cambridge, England, he was ordained in the Church of England in 1847. In 1849 he became the precentor and choir director at Durham Cathedral, where he introduced reforms in the choir by insisting on consistent attendance, increasing rehearsals, and initiating music festivals. He served the parish of St. Oswald in Durham from 1862 until the year of his death. To the chagrin of his bishop, Dykes favored the high church practices associated with… Go to person page >

Tune Information

Title: BLAIRGOWRIE (Dykes)
Composer: John Bacchus Dykes (1872)
Meter: 7.6.7.6 D
Incipit: 32346 53353 12332
Key: D Major/E♭ Major
Copyright: Public Domain

Notes

John Bacchus Dykes (b. Kingston-upon-Hull' England, 1823; d. Ticehurst, Sussex, England, 1876) wrote HARTFORD in 1872 for the text “The Voice that Breathed o'er Eden” on the occasion of a friend's wedding. The American tune title HARTFORD refers to the capital of Connecticut. The tune is known in England as BLAIRGOWRIE, which refers to a small island town northwest of Dundee, Scotland. The tune became the setting for Psalm 147 in the 1912 Psalter. Surely intended for part singing, HARTFORD is a double-meter tune with dependable rhythms and ascending melodic motives. Singers should combine the eight short phrases into four long lines; accompanists will want to use lots of bright organ color–and other instruments for festive services.

As a young child Dykes took violin and piano lessons. At the age of ten he became the organist of St. John's in Hull, where his grandfather was vicar. After receiving a classics degree from St. Catherine College, Cambridge, England, he was ordained in the Church of England in 1847. In 1849 he became the precentor and choir director at Durham Cathedral, where he introduced reforms in the choir by insisting on consistent attendance, increasing rehearsals, and initiating music festivals. He served the parish of St. Oswald in Durham from 1862 until the year of his death. To the chagrin of his bishop, Dykes favored the high church practices associated with the Oxford Movement (choir robes, incense, and the like). A number of his three hundred hymn tunes are still respected as durable examples of Victorian hymnody. Most of his tunes were first published in Chope's Congregational Hymn and Tune Book (1857) and in early editions of the famous British hymnal, Hymns Ancient and Modern.

--Psalter Hymnal Handbook

Arrangements

Harmonizations, Introductions, Descants, Intonations

  • 150 Last Verse Harmonies: For Use with the Hymn Books of the Baptist, Methodist, United Reformed and Other Free Churches
    Composer/Editor Geoffrey Nobes
    Published By: Kevin Mayhew Ltd. (2007) pp. 23
  • Free Harmonizations of Hymn Tunes: Volume II
    Composer/Editor D. DeWitt Wasson
    Published By: Hinshaw Music, Inc. (1986) pp. 89

Piano Solo

  • The Church Pianist Volume 13 Number 1 September October 1996: The Pianist's Companion for the Church Year
    Composer/Editors Hugh S. Livingston, Jr.; Robert J. Hughes
    Published By: Lorenz Publishing Company (1996) pp. 24

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Instances

Instances (1 - 16 of 16)
Page Scan

African Methodist Episcopal Church Hymnal #546

ScoreAudio

Christian Classics Ethereal Hymnary #543

Discipleship Ministries Collection #184

Hymnal #374

Psalms for All Seasons #147E

Text InfoTune InfoScoreAudio

Psalter Hymnal (Gray) #147

TextScoreAudio

The Cyber Hymnal #2652

TextScoreAudio

The Cyber Hymnal #3835

TextScoreAudio

The Cyber Hymnal #5065

TextScoreAudio

The Cyber Hymnal #5350

TextScoreAudio

The Cyber Hymnal #5546

TextScoreAudio

The Cyber Hymnal #6849

TextScoreAudio

The Cyber Hymnal #8538

TextFlexscoreAudioPage Scan

The United Methodist Hymnal #444

Text

The United Methodist Hymnal Music Supplement II #27

تسابيح المحبة #575b

Include 46 pre-1979 instances
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