Johannes Böschenstain

Johannes Böschenstain
Johann Böschenstein, copperplate engraving
Short Name: Johannes Böschenstain
Full Name: Böschenstain, Johannes, 1472-1540
Birth Year: 1472
Death Year: 1540

Böschenstein, Johann, son of Heinrich Böschenstein, a native of Stein on the Rhine, was born at Esslingen, Wurttemberg, in 1472. After taking Holy Orders as a priest he became, in 1505, tutor of Hebrew at Ingolstadt. Leaving this in 1514 he went to Augsburg, where, in the same year, he published a Hebrew Grammar, and in 1518, by the recommendation of Reuchlin, was invited as tutor of Greek and Hebrew to Wittenberg, where he had Melanchthon as a pupil. In 1510 he went to Nürnberg; 1521 to Heidelberg; and in 1522 to Antwerp. After a short stay in Zurich, where he taught Hebrew to Zwingli, he settled, in 1523, at Augsburg, where he became by royal license teacher of Hebrew, and where he d. 1539. (Koch, i. 219-221, ii. 469-471; Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, iii. 184-186, the latter stating that he resided at Nürnberg in 1525, and then went to Nördlingen; and died there in great poverty 1540.) Koch quotes 4 of his hymns, the best being:—
Da Jesus an dem Kreuze stund. [Passiontide.] Wackernagel, ii. p. 1091, gives two forms, the first in 9 stanzas of 5 lines "Do lhesus an dem creutze stüund", from an undated leaflet, c. 1515, the 2nd from M. Vehe's Gesang-Buch 1537. It has been, but Wackernagel thinks erroneously, called a translation from the Latin of Peter Bolandus ("Stabat ad lignum crucis"). Kehrein, in his Kitchen-und religiöse Lieder, Paderbom, 1853, p. 198, quotes it from a paper manuscript which he dates xvth century. The first form is No. 73 in Porst's Gesang-Buch, edition 1855. The later version of the Seven Words on the Cross, “Da Jesus an des Kreuzes Stamm" (q. v.), has superseded it in most modern hymn-books. Translated as "When Jesus on the Cross was found," No. 385 in pt. ii. of the Moravian Hymn Book, 1746. In 1789 it was rewritten as, "When Jesus hung upon the Cross."

[Rev. James Mearns, M.A.]

-- John Julian, Dictionary of Hymnology (1907)

Texts by Johannes Böschenstain (6)sort descendingAsInstances
As Jesus close against the roodJohann Boeschenstein (Author)2
Da Jesus an dem Kreuze stundJohann Boeschenstein (Author)5
From Calv'ry's cross I heard Christ sayJohannes Böschenstain (Author)2
Kdyz Pan Jezis na krizi pnelJohann Boeschenstein (Author)2
Our blessed Savior sev'n times spokeJ. Böschenstain, 1472-c. 1539 (Author)4
When Jesus hung upon the crossJohann Boeschenstein (Author)2

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