Amzi Chapin

Short Name: Amzi Chapin
Full Name: Chapin, Amzi, 1768-1835
Birth Year: 1768
Death Year: 1835

Amzi Chapin (1768–19 February 1835) was an American cabinetmaker, singing-school teacher, shapenote proponent and composer.

Chapin was born in Springfield, Massachusetts into a family of cabinet-makers. His father was Edward Chapin (1724–1800) of Chicopee MA. He had two older brothers, Aaron and Lucius (1760-1842). His second cousin was Eliphant Chapin (1741–1805). The family is believed to be of Puritan decent.

Chapin worked in Hartford, Connecticut from 1788 until 1791, when he moved to New Haven. Thereafter he embarked on a career as an itinerant singing teacher, composer and cabinetmaker in the South and Midwest.

Chapin married Hannah Power, daughter of Rev. James Power, on 10 October 1800 in Mount Pleasant, Pennsylvania, where he taught and farmed for the next thirty years. They had seven children including five daughters named Jane, Eunice, Eliza, Rebecca and Hannah.

In 1831 the Chapins and their children's families moved to Northfield, Ohio, becoming some of the pioneers of Northfield Township. Amzi Chapin is listed as one of the four founders of the Presbyterian congregation in Northfield. He died there on 19 February 1835.

Chapin taught singing schools in Virginia and North Carolina, before moving to Kentucky and then Pennsylvania. He was a proponent of Andrew Law's four-note method of shape note notation. His brother Lucius Chapin was also a singing teacher, and the two were apparently among the first to teach sacred music west of the Allegheny Mountains. The well-known tune "Primrose" (47t in the Sacred Harp) is by Amzi Chapin, while Lucius contributed "Vernon" (95) and the Ninety-Third Psalm (31t). "Olney" and "Rockingham" (63 and 300b in the Southern Harmony) are credited to "Chapin".

Tunes by Amzi Chapin (11)sort descendingAsInstances
BETHELAmzi Chapin (Composer)1
FORESTAmzi Chapin (Composer)1
GOLDEN HILLA. Chapin (Composer)2
HATFIELDAmzi Chapin, ca. (Arranger)2
MAITLAND (Allen)Amzi Chapin (1768— ) (Composer)2
OLNEY (Chapin)Chapin (Composer)3
TWENTY-FOURTHChapin (Composer)13
ROCKBRIDGEAmzi Chapin (Arranger)2
STROUDWATERAmzi Chapin, c. 1798 (Arranger)1
TRIBULATIONChapin (Composer)2
VESPERA. Chapin (Composer)1
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