Aus tiefer Woth schrei ich zu dir. Martin Luther. [Ps. cxxx.] This beautiful, though free, version of Ps. cxxx. was written in 1523. Ps. cxxx. was a great favourite with Luther, one of those he called Pauline Psalms —the others being Ps. xxxii., li., and cxliii. With its versification he took special pains, and the final result ranks with the finest of German Psalm versions. It first appeared in 4 stanzas of 7 lines in Etlich cristlich lider, Wittenberg, 1524, and in Eyn Enchiridion, Erfurt, 1524. The form now in use considerably altered, and with stanza ii. rewritten as ii., iii., appeared in the Geystliche gesangk Buchleyn, Wittenberg, 1524, in 5 stanzas was included as No. 1 in Luther's Christliche Geseng zum Begrebnis, Wittenberg, 1542, and since in almost all German hymn-books, as recently in the Unverfälschter Liedersegen, 1851, No. 362. Both forms are included in Wackernagel’s D. Kirchenlied, iii. pp. 7-8, and in Schircks's ed. of Luther's Geistliche Lieder, 1854, pp. 66-68.
The fine melody (in the Irish Church Hymnal called De profundis; elsewhere, Luther's 130th, &c.) is possibly by Luther, and first appeared, with the 5 stanza form, in 1524.
The hymn was sung, May 9, 1525, at the funeral of the Elector Friedrich the Wise in the Court church at Wittenberg; by the weeping multitude at Halle when, on Feb. 20, 1546, Luther's body was being taken to its last resting-place at Wittenberg; and again as the last hymn in the Cathedral at Strasburg before the city was captured by the French in 1681. Stanza v. comforted the last hours of Christian, Elector of Saxony, 1591, of Johann Georg L, Elector of Saxony, 1656, and of King Friedrich I. of Prussia, 1723 (Koch, viii. 211-216).
Translations in common use:—
2. From deep distress to Thee I pray. In full by Dr. H. Mills in his Horae Germanicae, 1845 (1856, p. 71). Thence as No. 70 in the Lutheran General Synod's Collection, 1850-52, and as No. 464 in Temple Melodies, N. Y., 1851. [Rev. James Mearns, M.A.]
-- Excerpts from John Julian, Dictionary of Hymnology (1907)
|Instances (1 - 8 of 8)||Title||First Line||Tune||Tune Key||Author||Meter||Scripture||Date||Subject||Source|
|Collection of Hymns for Public and Private Worship. 4th ed. #d79||From deep distress to thee I pray||Henry Mills; Martin Luther||1863|
|Compilation of Hymns for the Use of the Churches of the Christian Union #d197||From deep distress to thee I pray||Martin Luther||1871|
|Hymns, Selected and Original, for Public and Private Worship, published by General Synod for the Evangelical Lutheran Church. 68th ed. (8th rev. ed.) #d212||From deep distress to thee I pray||Henry Mills; Martin Luther||1855|
|Hymns: original and selected, for public and private worship in the Evangelical Lutheran Church (16th rev. ed.) #70||From deep distress to thee I pray||1850|
|Hymns: selected and original, for public and private worship (4th ed. 3rd rev. ed.) #70||From deep distress to thee I pray||1857|
|Hymns: selected and original, for public and private worship (60th ed., 1st rev. ed.) #70||From deep distress to thee I pray||Martin Luther||1851|
|Temple Melodies: a collection of about two hundred popular tunes, adapted to nearly five hundred favorite hymns, selected with special reference to public, social, and private worship #464||From deep distress to thee I pray||1851|
|The Mozart Collection of Sacred Music: containing melodies, chorals, anthems and chants, harmonized in four parts; together with the celebrated Christus and Miserere by ZIngarelli #69||From deep distress to thee I pray||Henry Mills; Martin Luther||1846|