Arndt, Ernst Moritz, son of Ludwig Nicolaus Arndt, estate manager for Count Putbus, in the island of Rugen, was b. at Schoritz in Rugen, Dec. 26, 1769. After studying at the Universities of Greifswald and Jena, where he completed his theological course under Paulus, he preached for two years as a candidate, but in 1798 abandoned theology. After a pedestrian tour through South Germany, Hungary, Northern Italy, France, and Belgium, he became, at Easter 1800, lecturer at the University of Greifswald, and in 1805 professor of history there. But in 1806, lamenting over the tyranny of France, he wrote his fiery Gent der Zeit (pt. ii. 1809, iii. 1813, iv. 1818) which awakened the patriotism of his countrymen, but drew on him the hatred of Napoleon… Go to person page >
Translator: Catherine Winkworth
Catherine Winkworth is "the most gifted translator of any foreign sacred lyrics into our tongue, after Dr. Neale and John Wesley; and in practical services rendered, taking quality with quantity, the first of those who have laboured upon German hymns. Our knowledge of them is due to her more largely than to any or all other translators; and by her two series of Lyra Germanica, her Chorale Book, and her Christian Singers of Germany, she has laid all English-speaking Christians under lasting obligation."
--Annotations of the Hymnal, Charles Hutchins, M.A., 1872… Go to person page >
Ich weiss, woran ich glaube. [The Rock of Salvation.] Written in 1818, and first published 1819 (No. 28) as above in 6 stanzas of 8 lines. In Knapp's Evangelischer Lieder-Schatz, 1837, No. 1396 (ed. 1865, No. 1348), it begins "Ich weiss, an wen ich glaube” The translations in common use are:—
(1) I know in Whom I put my trust. A good translation of stanzas i., iv.-vi. of Knapp's text in the 2nd Series, 1858, of Miss Winkworth's Lyra Germanica, p. 162. Included as No. 1170 in Kennedy, 1863, and recently in Schaff’s Christ in Song, ed. 1879, p. 426, and Library of Religious Poetry, ed. 1883, p. 670.
(2) I know Whom I believe in, a translation from Knapp, omitting stanzas ii., iii-, as No. 288 in the Ohio Lutheran Hymnal, 1880.
- John Julian, Dictionary of Hymnology (1907)