Luther, Martin, born at Eisleben, Nov. 10, 1483; entered the University of Erfurt, 1501 (B.A. 1502, M.A.. 1503); became an Augustinian monk, 1505; ordained priest, 1507; appointed Professor at the University of Wittenberg, 1508, and in 1512 D.D.; published his 95 Theses, 1517; and burnt the Papal Bull which had condemned them, 1520; attended the Diet of Worms, 1521; translated the Bible into German, 1521-34; and died at Eisleben, Feb. 18, 1546. The details of his life and of his work as a reformer are accessible to English readers in a great variety of forms. Luther had a huge influence on German hymnody.
i. Hymn Books.
1. Ellich cristlich lider Lobgesang un Psalm. Wittenberg, 1524. [Hamburg Library.] This contains 8 German h… Go to person page >
Translator (stanzas 1 and 2); Author (stanza 3): Robert C. Singleton
Singleton, Robert C., M.A., was born Oct. 9, 1810, and educated at Trinity College, Dublin; B.A. 1830; M.A. 1833. He was for some time Warden of St. Columba College, near Dublin; and subsequently First Warden of St. Peter's College, Radley, from 1847 to 1851. In 1851 he retired to Monkstown, near Dublin; and then to York, where he died in 1881. In 1868 he published in conjunction with Dr. E. G. Monk, the Anglican Hymn Book (2nd ed. 1871). To that collection he contributed a large number of translations from the Latin, a few from the German, and the following original hymns:—
1. As James the Great, with glowing zeal. St. James.
2. Beneath the fig-tree's grateful shade. St. Bartholomew.
3. From out the deep, 0 Lord, on Thee. For… Go to person page >
The original rhythms of EIN FESTE BURG (see 469) had already reached their familiar isorhythmic (all equal rhythms) shape by the time of Johann S. Bach (PHH 7) in the eighteenth century. The harmonization is taken from his Cantata 80. Many organ and choral works are based on this chorale, including…