Montgomery, James, son of John Montgomery, a Moravian minister, was born at Irvine, Ayrshire, Nov. 4, 1771. In 1776 he removed with his parents to the Moravian Settlement at Gracehill, near Ballymena, county of Antrim. Two years after he was sent to the Fulneck Seminary, Yorkshire. He left Fulneck in 1787, and entered a retail shop at Mirfield, near Wakefield. Soon tiring of that he entered upon a similar situation at Wath, near Rotherham, only to find it quite as unsuitable to his taste as the former. A journey to London, with the hope of finding a publisher for his youthful poems ended in failure; and in 1792 he was glad to leave Wath for Shefield to join Mr. Gales, an auctioneer, bookseller, and printer of the Sheffield Register newspap… Go to person page >
Thy throne, O God, in righteousness. J. Montgomery. [For Schools.] The earliest work in which this hymn has been found is Select Portions of Psalms from the New Version, Hymns and Anthems, &c, compiled by the Rev. Dr. Sutton, Vicar of Sheffield, for use in that Parish Church, circa 1815, 2nd edition, 1816, No. 103. From thence it passed into Cotterill's Selection, 1819; Montgomery's Christian Psalmist, 1825, No. 542; and his Original Hymns, 1853, No. 343. Among modern collections it is found in the Methodist Sunday School Hymn Book, 1879; Major's Book of Praise, &c.
--John Julian, Dictionary of Hymnology (1907)