Joseph Parry (21 May 1841 – 17 February 1903), was a Welsh composer and musician. Born in Merthyr Tydfil, Wales, he is best known as the composer of MYFANWY and ABERYSTWYTH (a hymn tune) used in Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika the National anthem of South Africa.
The cottage at 4 Chapel Row, Merthyr Tydfil, where Parry was born, is now open to the public as a museum. Parry's family emigrated to the United States in 1854, when he was 13, and he became an ironworker in Danville, Pennsylvania. There was a large Welsh community there and he became involved in strengthening Welsh culture locally. When, in 1865, he was admitted to the Gorsedd at the National Eisteddfod of Wales, he took the bardic name, "Pencerdd America".
He became a Freemason in… Go to person page >
Joseph Parry (PHH 18) composed MERTHYR TIDFIL (also called DIES IRAE), first published in Llyfr Tonau Cynulleidfaol Cenedlaethol Cymru (The Welsh National Book of Congregational Tunes), a collection of hymn tunes Parry compiled and published in several parts from 1887 to 1892. The tune is named after the town of Parry's birth and means "the martyr Tydfil." The similarities of lines 1, 2, and 4 find a fitting contrast and climax in line 3. The harmonization invites part singing, but the music must not be taken too slowly.
--Psalter Hymnal Handbook
Tune Title: DIES IRAE (MERTHYR TYDVIL)First Line: Dduw mawr! pa beth a welaf draw? (Great God! what do I see and hear?)Composer: Dr. Joseph Parry (1841-1903)Meter: M.86.(220.127.116.11.88.4.)Key: b minorDate: 1979