MONKLAND

Adapter: John B. Wilkes

John Bernard Wilkes (1785-1869). Not to be confused with John Wilkes (?-1882).  Go to person page >

Composer: John Antes

John Antes (b. Frederick, PA, 1740; d. Bristol, England, 1811) was a missionary, watchmaker, business manager, and composer. Born near the Moravian community of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, he was trained at the Moravian boys' school and later received religious education and further training as a watchmaker in Herrnhut, Germany. From 1770 to 1781 he served as a missionary in Egypt and from 1783 until his death was the business manager of the Moravian community in Fullneck, England. Although music was his avocation, Antes was a fine composer and musician. Among his compositions are a number of anthems, several string trios, and over fifty hymn tunes. Bert Polman Go to person page >

Tune Information

Title: MONKLAND
Composer: John Antes (1790)
Adapter: John B. Wilkes
Meter: 7.7.7.7
Incipit: 13534 56713 32176
Key: B♭ Major
Copyright: Public Domain

Notes

The tune MONKLAND has a fascinating if complex history. Rooted in a tune for the text "Fahre fort" in Johann A. Freylinghausen's (PHH 34) famous hymnal, Geistreiches Gesangbuch (1704), it then was significantly altered by John Antes (b. Frederick, PA, 1740; d. Bristol, England, 1811) in a Moravian manuscript, A Collection of Hymn Tunes (c. 1800). Antes was a missionary, watchmaker, business manager, and composer. Born near the Moravian community of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, he was trained at the Moravian boys' school and later received religious education and further training as a watchmaker in Herrnhut, Germany. From 1770 to 1781 he served as a missionary in Egypt and from 1783 until his death was the business manager of the Moravian community in Fullneck, England. Although music was his avocation, Antes was a fine composer and musician. Among his compositions are a number of anthems, several string trios, and over fifty hymn tunes.

MONKLAND received its present shape at the hands of John Lees in another Moravian hymnal, Hymn Tunes of the United Brethren (1824). From there John Wilkes (b. England, date unknown; d. England, 1882) simplified it and introduced it to Henry W. Baker (PHH 342), who published it in the English Hymns Ancient and Modern (1861) to his own harvest-theme text, "Praise, O Praise Our God and King." Wilkes named the tune after the village where he was organist and Baker was vicar–Monkland–located near Leominster in Herefordshire, England. Wilkes died around 1882; he should not be confused with the better-known John Bernard Wilkes (1785-1869).

MONKLAND's well-designed melodic contour is a good match for the text. Sing the tune in parts, except on the refrain line, which is appropriately sung in unison.

--Psalter Hymnal Handbook, 1988

Arrangements

Harmonizations, Introductions, Descants, Intonations

  • The Organ Portfolio Volume 79 Number 6 July August 2016: The Service Music Anthology for the Church Organist
    Composer/Editors Carson P. Cooman; Robert J. Powell
    Published By: Lorenz Publishing Company (2016) pp. 5
  • Hymn Tunes in Lower Keyes: The Book to Grab When the Congregation Complains that the Hymns are Too High!

    Published By: Kevin Mayhew Ltd. (2011) pp. 169
  • 200 Last Verses: Completely Revised to Complement the Keys in Major Hymn Books
    Composer/Editor Noel Rawsthorne
    Published By: Kevin Mayhew Ltd. (2009) pp. 102
  • The Art of Hymn Playing Volume 2: 250 Preludes Introductions Free Accompaniments & Alternate Harmonizations
    Composer/Editor Charles Callahan
    Published By: MorningStar Music Publishers, Inc. (2009) pp. 115
  • The Really Big Descant Book - Full Music Edition: 250 Settings to Raise the Roof by the World's Finest Church Music Composers

    Published By: Kevin Mayhew Ltd. (2009) pp. 136
  • Restrained Last Verses: Varied Accompaniments for Popular Hymns

    Published By: Kevin Mayhew Ltd. (2003) pp. 85
  • 100 Alternative Hymn Tune Arrangements
    Composer/Editor Andrew Moore
    Published By: Kevin Mayhew Ltd. (2001) pp. 32
  • Last Verse Extravaganza for Organ: 200 Fabulous Arrangements

    Published By: Kevin Mayhew Ltd. (2001) pp. 99
  • The Ultimate Finishing Touch: Last-verse Arrangements of Well-loved Hymn Tunes
    Composer/Editor Harrison Oxley
    Published By: Kevin Mayhew Ltd. (2000) pp. 87
  • Finishing Touch: One Hundred Last Verse Arrangements of Well-Known Hymn Tunes - New and Enlarged Edition
    Composer/Editor Harrison Oxley
    Published By: Kevin Mayhew Ltd. (1996) pp. 33
  • After the Last Verse: 200 Hymn Improvisations
    Composer/Editor Malcolm Archer
    Published By: Kevin Mayhew Ltd. (1995) pp. 102
  • Hymns for Occasions: One Hundred Special Arrangements
    Composer/Editor Colin Mawby
    Published By: Kevin Mayhew Ltd. (1994) pp. 57
  • Music Supplement: The United Methodist Hymnal
    Composer/Editor Gary Alan Smith
    Published By: Abingdon Press (1991) pp. 239
  • Free Harmonizations of Hymn Tunes: By Fifty American Composers
    Composer/Editor D. DeWitt Wasson
    Published By: Hinshaw Music, Inc. (1984) pp. 63
  • 25 Festive Hymns for Organ and Choir
    Composer/Editor Erik Routley
    Published By: Augsburg Publishing House (1982) pp. 16
  • The Faber Books of Descants: Harmony Edition
    Composer/Editor Leslie Russell
    Published By: Faber Music Limited (1969) pp. 15
  • Organ Accompaniments to the Unison Verses of 24 Hymn-Tunes: From the English Hymnal
    Composer/Editor Edward C. Bairstow
    Published By: Oxford University Press (1941) pp. 34
  • Varied Accompaniments to Thirty-four Well-known Hymn Tunes
    Composer/Editor Eric Harding Thiman
    Published By: Oxford University Press (1937) pp. 8
  • Hymn Tunes with Varied Harmonies Book 3: For Pianoforte or Organ
    Composer/Editor Joseph E. Newell
    Published By: Edwin Ashdown, Limited (London) (1920) pp. 10

Organ Solo

  • Oxford Hymn Settings for Organists Volume 6 Autumn Festivals: 37 Original Pieces on hymns for World Communion, Reformation / The Church, Harvest, All Saints, All Souls, Remembrance, Christ the King, and Thanksgiving
    Composer/Editors Rebecca Groom Te Velde; David Blackwell
    Published By: Oxford University Press (2016) pp. 84
  • Morning Song: Five Accessible Hymn Preludes for Organ
    Composer/Editor David Schelat
    Published By: MorningStar Music Publishers, Inc. (2015) pp. 13
  • The Organ Portfolio Volume 78 Number 3 January February 2015: A Bi-monthly Anthology for the Church Organist
    Composer/Editors Douglas E. Wagner; Mark Roberts
    Published By: Lorenz Publishing Company (2015) pp. 14
  • Joyful, Joyful: 6 Festive Postludes for Organ
    Composer/Editor Albert L. Travis
    Published By: MorningStar Music Publishers, Inc. (2006) pp. 20
  • Hymn Preludes for the Church Year Book 2: Ordinary Time
    Composer/Editors Aaron Shows; Malcolm Archer
    Published By: Kevin Mayhew Ltd. (2001) pp. 144
  • Organ Miniatures: 200 Short Improvisations on Familiar Hymn Tunes
    Composer/Editor June Nixon
    Published By: Kevin Mayhew Ltd. (1999) pp. 83
  • 64 Hymn Preludes for Organ:

    Published By: Kevin Mayhew Ltd. (1998) pp. 90
  • The Organist's Companion Volume 19 Number 5 July 1997 General, Weddings: A Bi-monthly Journal of Quality Organ Music for the Practical Church Musician
    Composer/Editors Wayne Leupold; Dennis R. Johnson
    Published By: Wayne Leupold Editions, Inc. (1997) pp. 29
  • 100 Hymn Preludes for Manuals
    Composer/Editor Simon Clark
    Published By: Kevin Mayhew Ltd. (1996) pp. 71
  • Hymn Trios for the New Organist Volume Two: Motivic Pedal Parts
    Composer/Editor Richard Hudson
    Published By: Wayne Leupold Editions, Inc. (1995) pp. 53
  • Three Pieces on Chorales of John Antes Volume IV: Organ Pieces on Moravian Chorales
    Composer/Editor Karl Kroeger
    Published By: Boosey & Hawkes, Inc. (1984) pp. 7
  • Jesus, the Very Thought of Thee: Organ Preludes
    Composer/Editor A. P. Van Iderstine
    Published By: Broadman Press (1979) pp. 10
  • The Hymnlet: A Choice Collection of Hymns and Hymntunes from 17th, 18th, & 19th Century American Hymnals, Songbooks and Psalters
    Composer/Editor Samuel Walter
    Published By: The Organ Historical Society, Inc. (1976) pp. 32
  • The Sunday Morning Organist Volume Six: Preludes, Offertories, Postludes for the Morning Worship Service
    Composer/Editor Harold H. DeCou
    Published By: Singspiration Music, Inc. (1976) pp. 57
  • 113 Variations on Hymn Tunes for Organ
    Composer/Editor George Thalben-Ball
    Published By: Novello and Company Limited (1969) pp. 63
  • Hymn Preludes for the Liturgical Year Volume VI Worship Adoration Praise: For Organ in 24 Volumes Opus 100
    Composer/Editor Flor Peeters
    Published By: C. F. Peters Corporation (1966) pp. 34
  • Six Hymn Tune Preludes
    Composer/Editor Philip Gehring
    Published By: Concordia Publishing House (1966) pp. 4
  • The Parish Organist Part Eleven: Thirty-five Preludes on Familiar Hymn Tunes
    Composer/Editors Willem Mudde; Ronald Arnatt
    Published By: Concordia Publishing House (1966) pp. 40
  • Thirty Short Preludes on Well-Known Hymns for Organ
    Composer/Editor Flor Peeters
    Published By: C. F. Peters Corporation (1960) pp. 14
  • The Organ Portfolio Volume 23 Number 2 December 1959 No. 134: A Bi-Monthly Magazine for Church Organists
    Composer/Editors Ellen Jane Lorenz; Rob Roy Peery
    Published By: Lorenz Publishing Company (1959) pp. 42

Piano Solo

  • The Church Pianist Volume 19 Number 3 January February 2003: The Pianist's Companion for the Church Year
    Composer/Editors David Sarandon; Hugh S. Livingston, Jr.
    Published By: Lorenz Publishing Company (2003) pp. 30

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Instances

Instances (1 - 61 of 61)
Text

Ancient and Modern #286

Text

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Anglican Hymns Old and New (Rev. and Enl.) #435

Anglican Hymns Old and New (Rev. and Enl.) #624

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Common Praise #273

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Common Praise #498

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Esperanta Himnaro #6a

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Hinário para o Culto Cristão #229

Hymnal #60

Hymns and Psalms #27a

Hymns and Psalms #359

Hymns and Psalms #508a

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Hymns of Glory, Songs of Praise #93a

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Audio

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Flexscore

Lift Up Your Hearts #677

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Psalms for All Seasons #45A

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The Book of Praise #96

The Covenant Hymnal #46

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The Cyber Hymnal #1711

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The Cyber Hymnal #2078

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The Cyber Hymnal #3669

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The Cyber Hymnal #5613

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The Cyber Hymnal #6216

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The Cyber Hymnal #11079

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The Hymnal 1982 #389

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The New English Hymnal #256

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Trinity Psalter Hymnal #113A

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ترانيم الإيمان #417

Include 94 pre-1979 instances
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