Clarence Bicknell

Clarence Bicknell
Clarence Bicknell in 1906 (from
"Albumo de Konataj Esperantistoj")
Short Name: Clarence Bicknell
Full Name: Bicknell, Clarence, 1842-1918
Birth Year: 1842
Death Year: 1918

Clarence Bicknell (27 October 1842-17 July 1918) was a British amateur botanist, painter and archaeologist, with a doctorate in mathematics, and an Anglican priest (in Italy, from 1877 until he left the Church, date unknown). He was born in Herne Hill, England, on October 27, 1842, and died in Tenda (then in Italy, but since 1947 in France) on July 17, 1918.

Arriving in Italy in 1877 to work as an Anglican vicar, he built a museum ("Museo Biblioteca Clarence Bicknell") in Bordighera to house his botanical and archaeological collections. He became noted for his identification of the plants and petroglyphs of the Ligurian Riviera. His writings included Flowering Plants of the Riviera and Neighboring Mountains (1885) and Guide to the Prehistoric Rock Engravings of the Italian Maritime Alps (1913). In addition to his own museum, his collections were archived at the University of Genoa.

A Volapükist, he left that language for Esperanto in 1897. He attended the first international Esperanto convention, at Boulogne-sur-mer, France, in 1905. He produced a number of hymns that are still in use (seven translations and one original in Adoru Kantante (1971), and nine texts in Adoru (2001). He was active in work on behalf of the blind, and transcribed many Esperanto books into braille. In addition to his hymnic work, he wrote many original poems in, and translated secular poetry into, Esperanto, including Macaulay's "Horacio", 1906; Tennyson's "Gvinevero", 1907; pieces by Sturgis; Giacosa's "Ŝakludo", 1915. He also provided monetary support to many Esperanto activities, and founded and led until his death the local Esperanto club in Bordighera.

Regrettably, the date, reason, and nature of his "leaving the church" is not explained in the sources consulted (mainly the English, Italian, and Esperanto Wikipedias and the author indexes of the Esperanto hymnals).

See also at, the website of the Clarence Bicknell Association.

Leland Bryant Ross

Wikipedia Biography

Clarence Bicknell (27 August 1842 – 17 July 1918) was a British vicar, amateur archaeologist, botanist, artist, Esperantist, author and philanthropist. He founded the Bicknell Museum in Bordighera, Italy. Also named after him is a street in Bordighera, and two plant species.

Texts by Clarence Bicknell (24)sort descendingAsAuthority LanguagesInstances
Al Vi, Sinjoro, estu honoro, laŭdo, glor'Clarence Bicknell (Translator)1
Ĉar Dio, la Paŝtisto miaClarence Bicknell (Author)Esperanto3
Dio de l' viv', de nia savo, Dio!Clarence (Translator)2
El multaj landoj kaj naciojClarence Bicknell (Author)2
En la reĝa BetlehemoClarence Bicknell (Translator)1
Estro de l'vivo, Ĉiopova Dio!Clarence Bicknell (Translator)4
Feliĉe kuŝis la naŭdek naŭClarence Bicknell (Translator)Esperanto3
Haleluja! Haleluja! Dion laŭdu ĉiu kor'Clarence Bicknell (Translator)1
Ho anĝeloj, la Sinjoron adoradu en ĉiel'Clarence Bicknell (Translator)11
Ho! Dio ĉiopova, vivofonto!Clarence Bicknell (Author)2
“Ho Filo de Davido! Ho Izraela Reĝ'!Clarence Bicknell (Translator)Esperanto2
Ho! kiel dolĉe al oreloClarence Bicknell (Translator)2
Ho! Kreinto de l' homaro!Clarence Bicknell (Author)2
Ho Patro Di', mi vagas malproksimeClarence Bicknell (Translator)2
Ho! triumfa Pask-tagiĝoClarence Bicknell (Translator)Esperanto3
Jerusalem', benita per lakto kaj miel'Clarence Bicknell (Esperanto translator)1
La tago releviĝa! Ho mond' kun laŭta kri'Clarence Bicknell (Translator)Esperanto2
“Laculoj, al Mi venuClarence Bicknell (Translator)2
Nun danku ni al DioC. Bicknell (Translator)1
Nun estu Di' laŭdataClarence Bicknell (Translator)2
Patro nia, ni alvenisClarence Bicknell (Author)3
Per unu kor' kaj lingvo, bona Di'Clarence Bicknell (Author)2
Reĝeco Dia venuClarence Bicknell (Translator)1
Sanktuloj sur la tero kantuClarence Bicknell (Translator)2

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