Thomas Ravenscroft

Short Name: Thomas Ravenscroft
Full Name: Ravenscroft, Thomas, 1592-1635?
Birth Year: 1592
Death Year: 1635

Thomas Ravenscroft (c. 1582 or 1592 – 1635) was an English musician, theorist and editor, notable as a composer of rounds and catches, and especially for compiling collections of British folk music.

Little is known of Ravenscroft's early life. He probably sang in the choir of St. Paul's Cathedral from 1594, when a Thomas Raniscroft was listed on the choir rolls and remained there until 1600 under the directorship of Thomas Giles. He probably received his bachelor's degree in 1605 from Cambridge.

Ravenscroft's principal contributions are his collections of folk music, including catches, rounds, street cries, vendor songs, "freeman's songs" and other anonymous music, in three collections: Pammelia (1609), Deuteromelia or The Seconde Part of Musicks Melodie (1609) and Melismata (1611). Some of the music he compiled has acquired extraordinary fame, though his name is rarely associated with the music; for example "Three Blind Mice" first appears in Deuteromelia. He also published a metrical psalter (The Whole Booke of Psalmes) in 1621. As a composer, his works are mostly forgotten but include 11 anthems, 3 motets for five voices and 4 fantasias for viols.

As a writer, he wrote two treatises on music theory: A Briefe Discourse of the True (but Neglected) Use of Charact'ring the Degrees (London, 1614), and A Treatise of Musick, which remains in manuscript (unpublished).

Tunes by Thomas Ravenscroft (20)sort descendingAsInstances
[Alleluia! Sing for joy and celebrate]T. Ravenscroft (Composer)3
BANGOR (Tansur)Ravenscroft (Composer)3
BRISTOL (Ravenscroft)Thomas Ravenscroft (1590?-1634?) (Composer)5
BRISTOL (55555)Thomas Ravenscroft (Editor)1
CANTERBURYRavenscroft (Composer)1
DA PACEM (Ravenscroft)Thomas Ravenscroft (Composer)3
DUNDEE (Ravenscroft)Thomas Ravenscroft, c. 1592-1635 (Harmonizer)18
DUNFERMLINGThomas Ravenscroft (Composer)2
DURHAM (Ravenscroft)Thomas Ravenscroft, 1592?-1635? (Composer (melody and bass))3
[Let us give thanks to the Lord] (Ravenscroft)T. Ravenscroft (Composer)2
LINCOLN (Ravenscroft)Thomas Ravenscroft (Composer)2
LINCOLN (Ravenscoft)Thomas Ravenscroft (Composer)5
MANCHESTER (Ravenscroft)Thomas Ravenscroft (Composer)3
[O all ye Works of the Lord] (Ravenscroft)T. Ravenscroft (Composer)3
OLD 120THThomas Ravenscroft, 1592?-1635? (Harmonizer)1
OLD 104THThomas Ravenscroft (Composer)8
SALISBURY (Ravenscroft's Psalmes)Thomas Ravenscroft (Composer)2
ST. DAVIDThomas Ravenscroft (Composer)2
ST. FLAVIANThomas Ravenscroft (Tenor-lead arrangement)1
SUNDERLAND (Ravenscroft)Ravenscroft (Composer)2
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