Thomas Ravenscroft (c. 1582 or 1592 – 1635) was an English musician, theorist and editor, notable as a composer of rounds and catches, and especially for compiling collections of British folk music.
Little is known of Ravenscroft's early life. He probably sang in the choir of St. Paul's Cathedral from 1594, when a Thomas Raniscroft was listed on the choir rolls and remained there until 1600 under the directorship of Thomas Giles. He probably received his bachelor's degree in 1605 from Cambridge.
Ravenscroft's principal contributions are his collections of folk music, including catches, rounds, street cries, vendor songs, "freeman's songs" and other anonymous music, in three collections: Pammelia (1609), Deuteromelia or The Seconde… Go to person page >
MANCHESTER (also known as ELY; both names refer to British cities) is from the musical edition of The Whole Book of Psalms (1621) by Thomas Ravenscroft (b. England, c. 1582; d. England, c. 1635). Ravenscroft was a chorister as well as a participant in a theater company of child actors at St. Paul's Cathedral in London (1598). He graduated from Cambridge University with a music degree in 1605 and served as music master at Christ's Hospital from 1618 to 1622.
A composer of many songs for stage productions, Ravenscroft also published a number of works, of which the best known is The Whole Book of Psalms, with the Hymnes Evangelical and Songs Spiritual, composed into four parts by sundry Authors, to such several Tunes as have been and are usually sung in England, Scotland, Wales, Germany, Italy, France, and the Netherlands, never as yet in one volume published (1621). This psalter, with the tunes in the tenor, contains 105 settings (forty-eight by Ravenscroft) and was one of the earliest publications to list the composers' names as well as the tune names.
Emily R. Brink (PHH 158) harmonized the tune in 1985. MANCHESTER reveals the rhythmic vitality once present in British psalm tunes (partly as a result of Genevan influence). Think two beats per measure.
--Psalter Hymnal Handbook
The Psalms, Hymns, and Spiritual Songs of the Old and New-Testament: faithfully translated into English metre: for the use, edification, and comfort of the saints...especially in New-England (25th ed) #T4b