OLD 113TH

Composer: Matthias Greiter

Greitter, Matthäus, was a monk and chorister of Strassburg Cathedral, but in 1524 espoused the cause of the Reformation. In 1528 he was appointed assistant pastor of St. Martin's Church, and afterwards at St. Stephen's. When the Interim [Agricola] was forced on Strassburg, he was the only one of the Lutheran pastors that sought to further it, a course which he afterwards deeply regretted. His death is dated by Wetzel, i. 349, as Dec. 20, 1550; by the Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, ix. 636, as Nov. 20, 1550; while Koch, ii. 104, says he died of the pestilence in 1552. Greitter was a distinguished musician, and with his friend Dachstein (q.v.) edited the Strassburg Kirchen ampt, 1524-5. Four psalm tunes by Greitter, and one by Dachstein we… Go to person page >

Tune Information

Title: OLD 113TH
Composer: Matthias Greiter
Meter: 8.8.7.8.8.7 D
Incipit: 11231 34554 32134
Key: D Major
Source: Matthäus Greiter's Strassburger Kirchenamt, 1525;Genevan Psalter, 1539
Copyright: Public Domain

Notes

GENEVAN 68 is usually attributed to Matthäus Greiter (b. Aichach, Bavaria, 1490; d. Strasbourg, France, 1550). It was published as a setting for Psalm 119 in Das dritt theil Strassburger Kirchenampt (1525), which Greiter and his friend Wolfgang Dachstein edited. Greiter studied at Freiburg University and became a monk and musician at the Strassburg Cathedral. Influenced by Wolfgang Dachstein, Greiter joined the Lutheran Church in 1524 and served several Lutheran congregations in the Strassburg area. He also taught at the Gymnasium Argentinense (high school) and eventually directed a choir school. However, the year before his death Greiter returned to the Roman Catholic Church. He is thought to have been the music editor of John Calvin's first Strasbourg Psalter, Aulcuns Pseaulmes et Cantiques (1539).

Greiter's tune was later published with Psalm 36 in the 1539 Strasbourg Psalter approved by John Calvin for worship in Geneva, and still later with Psalm 68 in the 1562 edition of the Genevan Psalter. This sturdy tune is known among Lutherans as O MENSCH BEWEIN' and in the British tradition (with alterations) as OLD 113TH. Written in the Ionian (major) mode, GENEVAN 68 became the battle song of the Calvinist Reformation throughout Europe (analogous to Luther's "A Mighty Fortress Is Our God" in the Lutheran tradition). It has been called the "Huguenot Marseillaise," and stanzas 1 and 6 (1 and 10 in the old Dutch versification) are probably the best known in the Dutch Reformed tradition.

The melody consists of four long phrases shaped into a bar form (AABC). Its first phrase is identical to the first phrase of LASST UNS ERFREUEN (431). Two harmonizations are given–one composed in 1985 by Howard Slenk (PHH 3), and the 1564 setting (opposite 67 in the hymnal) by Claude Goudimel (PHH 19) with the melody in the tenor, which was typical of that time. GENEVAN 68 is a fine processional tune requiring a stately tempo. Antiphonal singing is best for the entire psalm; try this pattern, alternating accompaniment as well:

Everyone: stanzas 1 and 9
Group A: stanzas 2, 4, 6, and 8
Group B: stanzas 3, 5, and 7

--Psalter Hymnal Handbook, 1988

Arrangements

Organ Solo

  • The King of Heaven: Five Hymns of Praise for Organ
    Composer/Editor Anna Laura Page
    Published By: MorningStar Music Publishers, Inc. (2016) pp. 8
  • I'll Praise My Maker: Three Hymn Settings for Organ
    Composer/Editor Robert J. Powell
    Published By: MorningStar Music Publishers, Inc. (2009) pp. 4
  • The Sacred Organ Journal Volume 43 Number 3 January February 2009: The Organist's Companion for the Church Year
    Composer/Editors Gilbert M. Martin; Stephen Walters
    Published By: Lorenz Publishing Company (2009) pp. 16
  • Autumn Praise: Colorful Hymns of Praise and Thanksgiving for Organ
    Composer/Editor Gilbert M. Martin
    Published By: Lorenz Publishing Company (2008) pp. 3
  • The Organ Portfolio Volume 67 Number 3 January February 2004: A Bi-Monthly Anthology for the Church Organist
    Composer/Editors Gilbert M. Martin; Lani Smith
    Published By: Lorenz Publishing Company (2004) pp. 3
  • I'll Praise My Maker: Improvisations for Worship
    Composer/Editor J. Wayne Kerr
    Published By: Augsburg Fortress (2003) pp. 11
  • Chorale Preludes II: Choralvorspiele fur Orgel 20 Choralvorspiele
    Composer/Editor Helmut Walcha
    Published By: C. F. Peters Corporation (2002) pp. 27
  • Chorale Preludes II: Choralvorspiele fur Orgel 20 Choralvorspiele
    Composer/Editor Helmut Walcha
    Published By: C. F. Peters Corporation (2002) pp. 27
  • Grace Notes VII
    Composer/Editor Timothy Albrecht
    Published By: Augsburg Fortress (1998) pp. 14
  • Pipe Dusters Volume One: A "pull-out-all-the-stops" Collection for the Church Organist
    Composer/Editors Geoffrey R. Lorenz; Gilbert M. Martin
    Published By: Lorenz Publishing Company (1987) pp. 29
  • The Sacred Organ Folio No. 22
    Composer/Editor Gilbert M. Martin
    Published By: Lorenz Publishing Company (1980) pp. 3
  • The Sacred Organ Journal Volume 15 Number 1 September 1980: A Bi-Monthly Anthology for Church Organists
    Composer/Editors Howard Wells; Gilbert M. Martin
    Published By: Lorenz Publishing Company (1980) pp. 3
  • 10 Hymns for Young Organists
    Composer/Editor V. Earle Copes
    Published By: Hope Publishing Company (1975) pp. 11
  • Twelve Chorales for Organ
    Composer/Editor Lionel Rogg
    Published By: Augsburg Publishing House (1974) pp. 14
  • Thirty New Settings of Familiar Hymn Tunes: Pipe Organ and Hammond Registration
    Composer/Editor Harald Rohlig
    Published By: Abingdon Press (1963) pp. 25
  • The Church Organist's Golden Treasury Volume Three-- An Anthology of Choral Preludes: Carl F. Pfatteicher
    Composer/Editors Archibald T. Davison; Johann Pachelbel
    Published By: Oliver Ditson Company (1951) pp. 45, 47
  • Historical Organ-Recitals Volume II: Johann Sebastian Bach
    Composer/Editors Joseph Bonnet; Johann Sebastian Bach
    Published By: G. Schirmer, Inc. (1945) pp. 26
  • The Liturgical Year (Orgelb: Forty-five Organ Chorals
    Composer/Editors Johann Sebastian Bach; Alrbert Riemenschneider
    Published By: Oliver Ditson Company (1933) pp. 74
  • Seventy-nine Chorales for the Organ Opus 28
    Composer/Editor Marcel Dupre
    Published By: The H. W. Gray Company (1932) pp. 72
  • Choral Vorfpiele Fur Orgel Op. 67 Notebook 1: Zweiundfunfzig leicht ausfuhrbare Vorspiele zu den gebrauchlichsten evangelischen Choralen
    Composer/Editor Max Reger
    Published By: Bote & Bock (1931) pp. 28
  • Twelve Studies on Old English Hymn-Tunes - Second Set: For Organ
    Composer/Editor Clement Charlton Palmer
    Published By: W. Paxton & Co. Ltd. (1927) pp. 17

Harmonizations, Introductions, Descants, Intonations

  • Easy Hymn Accompaniments: For Organ
    Composer/Editor Michael A. Burkhardt
    Published By: MorningStar Music Publishers, Inc. (2011) pp. 26
  • Hymn Intonations, Preludes, and Free Harmonizations Volume XVI: Intonations
    Composer/Editor Steve Pilkington
    Published By: Selah Publishing Company, Inc. (2010) pp. 22
  • 150 Last Verse Harmonies: For Use with the Hymn Books of the Baptist, Methodist, United Reformed and Other Free Churches
    Composer/Editor Richard Lloyd
    Published By: Kevin Mayhew Ltd. (2007) pp. 73
  • Hymn Intonations Preludes & Free Harmonizations Volume XI: 25 Harmonizations and Descants
    Composer/Editor Craig Phillips
    Published By: Selah Publishing Company, Inc. (2000) pp. 15
  • The Creative Use of the Organ in Worship
    Composer/Editor Hal H. Hopson
    Published By: Hope Publishing Company (2000) pp. 105
  • Free Harmonizations for Hymn-Singing II: 33 Free Hymn Accompaniments for Organ
    Composer/Editor Howard Helvey
    Published By: Beckenhorst Press, Inc. (1996) pp. 11
  • Music Supplement II: The United Methodist Hymnal: Alternate Harmonizations Edition
    Composer/Editor Robert C. Bennett
    Published By: Abingdon Press (1993) pp. 141
  • 48 Hymn Decants for Festive and General Use: By Various Composers
    Composer/Editor Craig J. Westendorf
    Published By: G. I. A. Publications, Inc. (1980) pp. 29

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