BOURBON

Composer (attr.): Freeman Lewis

Freeman Lewis USA 1780-1859. Born at Basking Ridge, NJ, he became a surveyor, writer, and traveling school teacher who played the organ and wrote music on the side. His family moved to Fayette, PA, in 1796. In 1809 he married Rebecca A Craft, and they had 11 children: Runyan, David, George, James, John, William, Levi. Alpheus, Thomas, Margaret, and Mary Ann. Three died young (of flux and scarlet fever). He compiled and published a book of camp meeting hymns and other sacred music:”The beauties of harmony” (1813-16-18), which included some of his own compositions. An appendix to it contained explanations of musical terms amd rules and principles of composition. These were sometimes used in singing schools. He also served as cou… Go to person page >

Tune Information

Title: BOURBON
Composer (attr.): Freeman Lewis (1825)
Meter: 8.8.8.8
Incipit: 51132 17111 13134
Key: f minor
Source: Columbian Harmony, 1825;Beauties of Harmony, Pittsburgh, 1814

Notes

A pentatonic (five-pitch) folk tune from the southern United States, BOURBON fits well with the penitential text of Psalm 38. The tune calls for unison singing, with accompaniment providing a firmly articulated rhythm. Like many pentatonic tunes, when unaccompanied it can be sung in canon after either one or two measures.

Included in Columbian Harmony (1825), BOURBON was credited there to Freeman Lewis (1780-1859) and set to "Twas on that Dark and Doleful Night," a text often attributed to Isaac Watts. The tune appeared in several other nineteenth-century songbooks, among them Hauser's Hesperian Harp (1848). The tune title presumably refers to the aristocratic French family whose descendants included Henry IV, Phillip V, and Charles III, and after which a Kentucky county is named.

The harmonization (1958) is by Louise McAllister (b. Louisville, KY, 1913; d. Richmond, VA, 1960). She spent her childhood in Louisville, where her father was a professor at Louisville Presbyterian Theological Seminary. In 1925, when her father began teaching at Union Theological Seminary, she moved to Richmond, Virginia, and lived there the rest of her life. A pianist, composer, teacher, and writer, McAllister attended the Collegiate School in Richmond, Virginia, and Mary Baldwin College, Staunton, Virginia. She published many piano compositions and harmonizations of folk-hymn melodies.

--Psalter Hymnal Handbook, 1987

Arrangements

Organ Solo

  • The Sacred Organ Journal Volume 46 Number 3 January February 2012: The Organist's Companion for the Church Year
    Composer/Editor Gilbert M. Martin
    Published By: Lorenz Publishing Company (2012) pp. 12
  • The Organist Volume 115 Number 1 March April 2011: The Service Music Companion for Church Organists
    Composer/Editors Gilbert M. Martin; Edward Broughton
    Published By: Lorenz Publishing Company (2011) pp. 14
  • Thine the Glory: Accessible Organ Music for Lent and Easter
    Composer/Editor Wilbur C. Held
    Published By: MorningStar Music Publishers, Inc. (2005) pp. 19
  • Lenten Chorales for Organ
    Composer/Editor Robert J. Powell
    Published By: The H. W. Gray Company (2002) pp. 14
  • Chantworks Set II - Lent, Passiontide, Easter: Organ Music for the Church Year based Upon Gregorian Chant Melodies
    Composer/Editor Gerald Near
    Published By: Aureole Editions (1998) pp. 5
  • The Sacred Organ Journal Volume 31 Number 4 March April 1997: A Bi-Monthly Anthology for Church Organists
    Composer/Editors James Mansfield; Joseph Prentiss
    Published By: Lorenz Publishing Company (1997) pp. 14
  • The Sacred Organ Folio No. 39
    Composer/Editor Edward Broughton
    Published By: Lorenz Publishing Company (1989) pp. 12
  • The Psaltery Organ Book
    Composer/Editor Gilbert M. Martin
    Published By: Psaltery Music Publications (1983) pp. 9
  • The Concordia Hymn Prelude Series Volume 7: Lent: A - Herzlich
    Composer/Editors Herbert Gotsch; Charles W. Ore
    Published By: Concordia Publishing House (1982) pp. 16, 18

Harmonizations, Introductions, Descants, Intonations

  • Free Harmonizations of Favorite Hymns Volume 4: The Easter Season
    Composer/Editor James M. Guthrie
    Published By: Self-published (2017) pp. LL
  • Twenty-Six Hymn Introductions
    Composer/Editor John Eggert
    Published By: Concordia Publishing House (2015) pp. 4
  • The Art of Hymn Playing Volume 2: 250 Preludes Introductions Free Accompaniments & Alternate Harmonizations
    Composer/Editor Charles Callahan
    Published By: MorningStar Music Publishers, Inc. (2009) pp. 26
  • Introductions and Alternate Accompaniments for Organ Volume 7: Evangelical Lutheran Worship, Hymns 640 - 704
    Composer/Editors Norma Aamodt-Nelson; Mark Weiler
    Published By: Augsburg Fortress (2007) pp. 667
  • Introductions and Alternate Accompaniments for Piano Volume 7: Evangelical Lutheran Worship, Hymns 640 - 704
    Composer/Editors Norma Aamodt-Nelson; Mark Weiler
    Published By: Augsburg Fortress (2007) pp. 667
  • Hymn Intonations, Preludes, and Free Harmonizations Volume XIII: Intonations, Harmonizations and Interludes
    Composer/Editor David Hurd
    Published By: Selah Publishing Company, Inc. (2004) pp. 3-4
  • Twenty-Five Organ Harmonizations: Alternate Hymn Settings in Various Styles
    Composer/Editor Harold J. Owen
    Published By: GIA Publications, Inc. (2002) pp. 4
  • Free Harmonizations of Hymn Tunes: By Fifty American Composers
    Composer/Editor D. DeWitt Wasson
    Published By: Hinshaw Music, Inc. (1984) pp. 53
  • All Praise to You, Eternal God: Organ Accompaniments for Thirty Hymn Tune Canons
    Composer/Editor Donald Busarow
    Published By: Augsburg Publishing House (1980) pp. 7

Piano Solo

  • Words of the Master: Hymns of the Christian Life for Piano
    Composer/Editor Lani Smith
    Published By: Lorenz Publishing Company (2014) pp. 15

Instances

Instances (1 - 25 of 25)

Breaking Bread (Vol. 39) #156

Common Praise (1998) #172

Common Praise (1998) #650

Text

Evangelical Lutheran Worship #667

Text InfoTextAudio

Glory to God #46

Text InfoTextAudio

Glory to God #381

Text InfoTextAudio

Glory to God #718

Hymnal Supplement 1991 #738

TextPage Scan

Hymns to the Living God #278

Journeysongs (2nd ed.) #381

Journeysongs (2nd ed.) #389

Moravian Book of Worship #355

Text InfoTune InfoScoreAudio

Psalter Hymnal (Gray) #38

Audio

Small Church Music #2806

TextScoreAudio

The Cyber Hymnal #1495

The Harmonia Sacra #60B

The Hymnal 1982 #147

Page Scan

The Hymnal 1982 #675

The Liturgical Harp #36

The New Century Hymnal #225

Text

The Presbyterian Hymnal #238

Text

The Presbyterian Hymnal #393

The Shenandoah Harmony #13A

TextAudio

The Worshiping Church #655

Page Scan

Trinity Psalter Hymnal #11A

Include 4 pre-1979 instances
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