VENI EMMANUEL (Chant)

Composer: Anonymous

In some hymnals, the editors noted that a hymn's author is unknown to them, and so this artificial "person" entry is used to reflect that fact. Obviously, the hymns attributed to "Author Unknown" "Unknown" or "Anonymous" could have been written by many people over a span of many centuries. Go to person page >

Adapter: Thom­as Hel­more

Thomas Helmore (born 7 May 1811 in Kidderminster, died 6 Ju­ly 1890 in Westminster) was a choirmaster, writer about singing and author and editor of hymns and carols. Helmore's father was a congregationalist minister (also called Thomas). During the boy's childhood the family moved from Kidderminster to Stratford-upon-Avon, where Helmore later trained his father's choir and taught in a school which his father had founded.[2] In 1837, he began his studies at Magdalen College, Oxford, graduating in 1840. He was or­dained in the Church of England in the same year, and took up a curacy at St Michael's, Lichfield, where he was also a priest-vicar in the Cathedral. Two years later he was appointed as precentor and vice-prin­ci­pal at St… Go to person page >

Tune Information

Composer: Anonymous
Adapter: Thom­as Hel­more
Meter: 8.8.8.8 with refrain
Incipit: 13555 46543 4531
Key: d minor
Source: French processional, 15th cent.
Copyright: Public Domain

Texts

O Come, O Come, Emmanuel

O come, O come, Immanuel,
and ransom captive Israel
that mourns in lonely exile here
until the Son of God appear.

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Notes

VENI IMMANUEL was originally music for a Requiem Mass in a fifteenth-century French Franciscan Processional. Thomas Helmore (b. Kidderminster, Worcestershire, England, 1811; d. Westminster, London, England, 1890) adapted this chant tune and published it in Part II of his The Hymnal Noted (1854). A graduate of Magdalen College, Oxford,England, Helmore was ordained a priest in the Church of England, but his main contribution to the church was in music. He was precentor at St. Mark's College, Chelsea (1842-1877), and master of the choristers in the Chapel Royal for many years. He promoted unaccompanied choral services and played an important part in the revival of plainchant in the Anglican Church. Helmore was involved in various publications of hymns, chants, and carols, including A Manual of Plainsong (1850) and The Hymnal Noted (with John Mason Neale). VENI IMMANUEL is in the Dorian mode and could be sung in harmony throughout, but the preferred practice is to sing the stanzas in unison and the refrain in parts. For example, sing the hymn antiphonally, perhaps including organ-alone stanzas. On stanza 4 the organ could play an arrangement of the tune while the congregation meditates on the text. Chant tunes are intended to be sung in speech-rhythm, so sing this hymn freely and do not hesitate to let the "Rejoice" phrases ring through the church! Use light accompaniment on the stanzas and full, bright accompaniment on the refrain. Play and sing the line "Immanuel shall come to you" as one phrase. Organists may want to use an accompaniment in more of a chant style; for example, Hymnal 1982 (56) contains an accompaniment suited to unison singing of the stanzas. Accompanists could still use the Psalter Hymnal harmonization for part singing on the refrain. --Psalter Hymnal Handbook

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Baptist Hymnal 1991 #76
Text: O Come, O Come, Emmanuel
  • Bulletin Score (melody only) (PDF)
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Christian Classics Ethereal Hymnary #78
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The Cyber Hymnal #678
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The Cyber Hymnal #4735
Text: O Come, O Come, Emmanuel
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The Cyber Hymnal #11621
Text: The God Of Israel Is Real
  • PDF (PDF)
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Psalter Hymnal (Gray) #328
Text: O Come, O Come, Immanuel
  • Bulletin Score (melody only) (PDF, XML)
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Worship and Rejoice #154
Text: O Come, O Come, Emmanuel

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Include 62 pre-1979 instances
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