Composer: George Frederick Handel

George Frederick Handel; b. 1685, Halle, Germany; d. 1759, London, England Evangelical Lutheran Hymnal, 1908 Go to person page >

Tune Information

Composer: George Frederick Handel (1748)
Meter: with refrain
Incipit: 53451 23454 32345
Key: D Major


JUDAS MACCABEUS is an arrangement of a tune from the chorus "See, the Conquering Hero Comes" in Handel's oratorio Judas Maccabeus (first performed without this chorus in 1746). Handel initially used the tune in his oratorio Joshua (1747) but transferred it to Judas Maccabeus in 1751; such changes were common in Handel's operas and oratorios. Handel is reported to have said to a friend, "you will live to see it [the tune] a greater favorite with the people than my other finer things." The tune's first appearance in a hymnal was probably in Thomas Butts's Harmonia Sacra (around 1760) where it was set to Charles Wesley's "Christ the Lord Is Risen Today" (388). This melody, also known as MACCABEUS, is the setting for Edmond Budry's Easter text "A toi la gloire" ("Thine Be the Glory") in a number of modern hymnals. Including the refrain, JUDAS MACCABEUS is cast in a rounded bar form (AABA). Sing in unison or in parts. This tune merits the use of trumpets or a brass ensemble in addition to festive, crisp articulation of organ tones. Georg Friederich Handel (b. Halle, Germany, 1685; d. London, England, 1759) became a musician and composer despite objections from his father, who wanted him to become a lawyer. Handel studied music with Zachau, organist at the Halle Cathedral, and became an accomplished violinist and keyboard performer. He traveled and studied in Italy for some time and then settled permanently in England in 1713. Although he wrote a large number of instrumental works, he is known mainly for his Italian operas, oratorios (including Messiah, 1741), various anthems for church and royal festivities, and organ concertos, which he interpolated into his oratorio performances. He composed only three hymn tunes, one of which (GOPSAL) still appears in some modern hymnals. A number of hymnal editors, including Lowell Mason (PHH 96), took themes from some of Handel's oratorios and turned them into hymn tunes (see ANTIOCH, 337). --Psalter Hymnal Handbook


Instances (1 - 59 of 59)Text InfoTune InfoTextScoreFlexScoreAudioPage Scan
Ambassador Hymnal: for Lutheran worship #98
Ancient and Modern: hymns and songs for refreshing worship #218Text
Anglican Hymns Old and New (Rev. and Enl.) #751
Baptist Hymnal 1991 #163Audio
Baptist Hymnal 2008 #138
Celebrating Grace Hymnal #222
Chalice Hymnal #218Text
Christian Classics Ethereal Hymnary #1050Tune InfoScoreAudio
Church Hymnary (4th ed.) #419
Common Praise (1998) #210Text
Complete Anglican Hymns Old and New #672TextPage Scan
Evangelical Lutheran Hymnary #73TextPage Scan
Evangelical Lutheran Worship #376TextFlexscorePage Scan
Glaubenslieder #437
Glory to God: the Presbyterian Hymnal #238Text InfoTextFlexscoreAudioPage Scan
Hymnal: A Worship Book #269
Hymns and Psalms: a Methodist and ecumenical hymn book #212
Hymns for a Pilgrim People: a congregational hymnal #203Text
Hymns for Today's Church (2nd ed.) #167
Hymns of Promise: a large print songbook #176TextPage Scan
Hymns of the Saints: Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints #395
Hymns to the Living God #169TextPage Scan
Les Chants du Pèlerin #194
Lift Up Your Hearts: psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs #187TextFlexscoreAudioPage Scan
Mil Voces para Celebrar: Himnario Metodista #155
Presbyterian Hymnal: hymns, psalms, and spiritual songs #122TextFlexscorePage Scan
Protestant Madagascar Hymnal, 2001 #37
Protestant Madagascar Hymnal, 2001 #146
Psalter Hymnal (Gray) #582Text InfoTune InfoAudio
Rejoice Hymns #70
Rejoice in the Lord #327
Secular Hymnal: 144 hymn tunes made inclusive for all #138TextPage Scan
Seventh-day Adventist Hymnal #171
Sheng tu shi ge = Hymnary (聖徒詩歌) #109
Sing Joyfully #281
Singing the Faith #313
Small Church Music #216Audio
The Christian Life Hymnal #188
The Covenant Hymnal: a worshipbook #243
The Cyber Hymnal #1758TextScoreAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #6635TextScoreAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #9439TextScoreAudio
The Hymnal for Worship and Celebration #227
The New Century Hymnal #253
The New English Hymnal #120Text
The United Methodist Hymnal #308TextFlexscoreAudio
The United Methodist Hymnal Music Supplement #190Text
The United Methodist Hymnal Music Supplement II #95Text
The Worshiping Church #251Text
Together in Song: Australian hymn book II #380Text
Trinity Hymnal (Rev. ed.) #274TextPage Scan
TTT-Himnaro Cigneta #160TextAudio
TTT-Himnaro Cigneta #162TextAudio
TTT-Himnaro Cigneta #189TextAudio
Voices United: The Hymn and Worship Book of The United Church of Canada #173TextPage Scan
Worship and Rejoice #310TextScoreAudio
Worship in Song: A Friends Hymnal #14TextAudio
生命聖詩 - Hymns of Life, 1986 #133
찬송과 예배 = Chansong gwa yebae = Come, Let Us Worship: the Korean-English Presbyterian hymnal and service book #194
Include 22 pre-1979 instances
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