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LYONS

Composer: Joseph Martin Kraus

Joseph Martin Kraus (20 June 1756 – 15 December 1792), was a composer in the classical era who was born in Miltenberg am Main, Germany. He moved to Sweden at age 21, and died at the age of 36 in Stockholm. He is sometimes referred to as "the Swedish Mozart", and had a life span which was very similar to that of Mozart's. Kraus was born in the central German town of Miltenberg in Franconia, the son of Joseph Bernhard Kraus, a County clerk in the Archbishopric of Mainz, and Anna Dorothea née Schmidt. His father's family, originally from Augsburg, had a small restaurant in Weilbach near Amorbach, while his mother was a daughter of the master-builder at Miltenberg Johann Martin Schmidt. Joseph had 13 brothers and sisters, but seven of the… Go to person page >

Composer (attributed to): Michael Haydn

Joann Michael Haydn; b. 1737, Rohrau, Austria; d. 1806, Salzburg Evangelical Lutheran Hymnal, 1908 Go to person page >

Tune Information

Composer: Joseph Martin Kraus
Composer (attributed to): Michael Haydn
Meter: 10.10.11.11
Incipit: 51123 14432 51123
Key: A Major/G Major
Copyright: Public Domain

Texts

O Worship the King all glorious above

O worship the King all-glorious above,
O gratefully sing his power and his love:
our shield and defender, the Ancient of Days,
pavilioned in splendor and girded with praise.

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Ye Servants of God, Your Master Proclaim

You servants of God, your Master proclaim,
and publish abroad his wonderful name;
the name all-victorious of Jesus extol;
his kingdom is glorious and rules over all.

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Notes

LYONS, named for the French city Lyons, appeared with a reference to “Haydn” in volume 2 of William Gardiner’s (PHH 111) Sacred Melodies. However, the tune was never found in the works of Franz Joseph Haydn or those of his younger brother Johann Michael Haydn. Recent research revealed that the tune was composed by Joseph Martin Kraus, a German composer who settled in Sweden and who traveled widely throughout Europe. Die Werke von Joseph Martin Kraus systematisch-thematisches Werkvereichnis, by Bertil H. Van Boer, Jr. (Stockholm, 1988), includes information on Kraus’ “Tema con variazioni (Scherzo),” a work composed around 1785 in London with an incipit that clearly matches the opening measure of LYONS. The work was published as a set of twelve variations for piano and violin in London in 1791. The violin part may have been an addition by another composer, perhaps “G. Haydn,” since a subsequent London edition (c. 1808) was entitled “Sonita with Twelve Variations for the Piano Forte with Violin Accompaniments, composed by G. Haydn.” Joseph Martin Kraus (b. Miltenberg am Main, Germany, 1756; d. Stockholm, Sweden, 1792) spent his youth in Germany, but in 1778 moved to Stockholm. He was elected to the Swedish Academy of Music and became the conductor of the court orchestra and eventually the best-known composer associated with the court of Gustavus III. On his travels, Kraus did meet Franz Joseph Haydn, who considered Kraus “one of the greatest geniuses I have met.” Kraus wrote operas as well as many vocal and instrumental works. A bright melody, LYONS is much loved by many congregations. Lines 1,2, and 4 are similar in shape; lines 2 and 4 are identical. The climbing melody and dominant pedal-point of line 3 provides contrast. Sing stanzas 1, 3, and 5 in solid unison and stanzas 2 and 4 in harmony. Use clear, bright accompaniment. Maintain one pulse per bar. LYONS’ opening figure is similar to that of HANOVER (149 and 477), a good alternate tune. --Psalter Hymnal Handbook, 1987 For the full discussion of the authorship of this tune, please consult this article: Dismore, Margaret K. "Lyons: A Tune in Search of Its Composer." The Hymn 58.2 (Spring 2007): 27-31.

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Baptist Hymnal 1991 #16
Text: O Worship the King
  • Bulletin Score (PDF)
  • Full Score (PDF)
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Baptist Hymnal 1991 #589
Text: Ye Servants of God
  • Bulletin Score (PDF)
  • Full Score (PDF)
  • Bulletin Score (melody only) (PDF)
Christian Classics Ethereal Hymnary #30
  • Four-part harmony, full-score (PDF, NWC)
The Cyber Hymnal #424
Text: Begone Unbelief
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
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The Cyber Hymnal #1404
Text: The World Is Grown Old
  • PDF (PDF)
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The Cyber Hymnal #2344
Text: He Waters the Hills
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The Cyber Hymnal #4549
Text: The Night Is Far Spent
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The Cyber Hymnal #5540
Text: O Worship the King
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The Cyber Hymnal #7198
Text: We Knelt Before Kings
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The Cyber Hymnal #7757
Text: Ye Heavenly Choir
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The Cyber Hymnal #7810
Text: Ye Servants of God
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The Cyber Hymnal #7818
Text: Ye Thirsty for God
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The Cyber Hymnal #10627
Text: The Candle Of Hope
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The Cyber Hymnal #10639
Text: Why Sleep We, My Brethren?
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The Cyber Hymnal #11471
Text: Omnipotent King, Who Reignest On High
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The Cyber Hymnal #11596
Text: Thank God For Bethlehem
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Psalter Hymnal (Gray) #428
Text: O Worship the King
The United Methodist Hymnal #73
Text: O Worship the King
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Worship and Rejoice #2
Text: O Worship the King

Instances

Instances (1 - 88 of 88)

Ambassador Hymnal #175

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Baptist Hymnal 1991 #16

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Baptist Hymnal 1991 #589

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Baptist Hymnal 1991 #631

Baptist Hymnal 2008 #24

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Baptist Hymnal 2008 #348

Cáliz de Bendiciones #270

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Celebrating Grace Hymnal #52

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Chalice Hymnal #17

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Christian Classics Ethereal Hymnary #30

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Evangelical Lutheran Worship #825

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Glory to God #41

Himnos de la Iglesia #15

Hinário para o Culto Cristão #233

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Hymnal 1982 #533

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Hymnal 1982 #637

Hymnal #66

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Hymns for a Pilgrim People #38

Hymns for a Pilgrim People #491

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Hymns of Faith #60

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Hymns of Promise #14

Hymns of the Saints #27

Hymns of the Saints #229

Hymns of Truth & Light #16

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Hymns to the Living God #29

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Lift Up Your Hearts #2

Living Hymns #11

Mil Voces para Celebrar #270

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Moravian Book of Worship #565

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Nyimbo za Imani Yetu #3

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Praise! Our Songs and Hymns #28

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Presbyterian Hymnal #476

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Psalms for All Seasons #104F

Psalms, Hymns, and Spiritual Songs #18

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Psalter Hymnal (Gray) #428

Rejoice Hymns #27

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Rejoice in the Lord #598

Sainteté à l'Éternel! #5

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Secular Hymnal #9

Seventh-day Adventist Hymnal #83

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Sing Joyfully #90

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Singing the New Testament #191

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Small Church Music #309

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Small Church Music #1979

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Small Church Music #3719

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Small Church Music #4650

Soul-stirring Songs & Hymns (Rev. ed.) #165

Thánh Ca #6

The A.M.E. Zion Hymnal #4

The Celebration Hymnal #104

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The Christian Life Hymnal #10

The Covenant Hymnal #23

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The Cyber Hymnal #424

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The Cyber Hymnal #1404

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The Cyber Hymnal #2344

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The Cyber Hymnal #4549

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The Cyber Hymnal #5540

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The Cyber Hymnal #7198

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The Cyber Hymnal #7757

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The Cyber Hymnal #7810

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The Cyber Hymnal #7818

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The Cyber Hymnal #10627

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The Cyber Hymnal #10639

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The Cyber Hymnal #11471

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The Cyber Hymnal #11596

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The Hymnal for Worship and Celebration #10

The New Century Hymnal #26

The New National Baptist Hymnal #9

The New National Baptist Hymnal #49

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The United Methodist Hymnal #73

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The United Methodist Hymnal Music Supplement #223

The United Methodist Hymnal Music Supplement #224

The United Methodist Hymnal Music Supplement #225

The United Methodist Hymnal Music Supplement #226

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The Worshiping Church #29

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Trinity Hymnal (Rev. ed.) #2

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Trinity Hymnal (Rev. ed.) #165

Trinity Psalter Hymnal #104B

Trinity Psalter Hymnal #219

Trinity Psalter Hymnal #284

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TTT-Himnaro Cigneta #3

Voices United #293

Voices United #342

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Worship and Rejoice #2

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Worship in Song #25

Worship Together #33

Worship Together #48

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生命聖詩 - Hymns of Life, 1986 #10

Include 236 pre-1979 instances
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