MELCOMBE (Webbe)

Composer: Samuel Webbe

Samuel Webbe; b. 1740, Minorca; d. 1816, London Evangelical Lutheran Hymnal, 1908 Go to person page >

Tune Information

Composer: Samuel Webbe (1782)
Meter: 8.8.8.8
Incipit: 55432 16551 76554
Key: E♭ Major

Notes

Also known as:

  • ST. PHILIPS
  • BENEDICTION
  • GRANTON
  • NAZARETH

MELCOMBE was first used as an anonymous chant tune (with figured bass) in the Roman Catholic Mass and was published in 1782 in An Essay on the Church Plain Chant. It was first ascribed to Samuel Webbe (the elder; b. London, England, 1740; d. London, 1816) and named MELCOMBE in Ralph Harrison's Sacred Harmony (1791), the first of many Protestant hymnals to contain this popular Roman Catholic tune. The tune title refers to Melcombe Regis, the northern part of Weymouth in Dorsetshire, England, made famous through frequent visits by King George III (1738-1820).

Webbe's father died soon after Samuel was born without providing financial security for the family. Thus Webbe received little education and was apprenticed to a cabinet maker at the age of eleven. However, he was determined to study and taught himself Latin, Greek, Hebrew, French, German, and Italian while working on his apprenticeship. He also worked as a music copyist and received musical training from Carl Barbant, organist at the Bavarian Embassy. Restricted at this time in England, Roman Catholic worship was freely permitted in the foreign embassies. Because Webbe was Roman Catholic, he became organist at the Portuguese Chapel and later at the Sardinian and Spanish chapels in their respective embassies. He wrote much music for Roman Catholic services and composed hymn tunes, motets, and madrigals.

Webbe is considered an outstanding composer of glees and catches, as is evident in his nine published collections of these smaller choral works. He also published A Collection of Sacred Music (c. 1790), A Collection of Masses for Small Choirs (1792), and, with his son Samuel (the younger), Antiphons in Six Books of Anthems (1818).

MELCOMBE has a steady rhythmic structure and a lot of stepwise intervals. The original setting had one dotted rhythm in the third phrase, which is deleted in many hymnals, including the Psalter Hymnal. The harmony borrows from Webbe's original bass line and from William H. Monk's (PHH 332) harmonization of MELCOMBE for Hymns Ancient and Modern (1861). Sing this tune in two long lines, with a small pause at the end of the first to allow a breath before singing the second.

--Psalter Hymnal Handbook, 1988

Media

Christian Classics Ethereal Hymnary #590
  • Four-part harmony, full-score (PDF, NWC)
The Cyber Hymnal #4
Text: Abide Not in the Realm of Dreams
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
The Cyber Hymnal #116
Text: All Things Are Thine
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
The Cyber Hymnal #200
Text: As Near the Wished for Port We Draw
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
The Cyber Hymnal #2206
Text: How Blest the Man Who Fears the Lord
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
The Cyber Hymnal #4328
Text: The Morning Walks upon the Earth
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
The Cyber Hymnal #4517
Text: New Every Morning Is the Love
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
The Cyber Hymnal #4811
Text: O for That Flame of Living Fire
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
The Cyber Hymnal #5074
Text: O Let My Supplicating Cry
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
The Cyber Hymnal #5089
Text: O Lord, How Joyful 'Tis to See
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
The Cyber Hymnal #5127
Text: O Lord of Hosts, Whose Glory Fills
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
The Cyber Hymnal #5290
Text: O Risen Christ
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
The Cyber Hymnal #5527
Text: O Who Like Thee, So Calm, So Bright
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
The Cyber Hymnal #7291
Text: What Shall the Dying Sinner Do?
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
The Cyber Hymnal #7503
Text: When Israel, of the Lord Beloved
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
The Hymnal, Revised and Enlarged, as adopted by the General Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America in the year of our Lord 1892 #1
Text: New every morning is the love
Psalter Hymnal (Gray) #112
Text: How Blest Are Those Who Fear the LORD
  • Full Score (PDF, XML)
  • Bulletin Score (PDF)
  • Bulletin Score (melody only) (PDF)
Psalter Hymnal (Gray) #274
Text: O God, Great Father, Lord and King
  • Bulletin Score (melody only) (PDF)
  • Full Score (PDF, XML)
  • Bulletin Score (PDF)

Instances

Instances (1 - 48 of 48)Text InfoTune InfoTextScoreFlexScoreAudioPage Scan
Ancient and Modern: hymns and songs for refreshing worship #4Text
Ancient and Modern: hymns and songs for refreshing worship #262Text
Anglican Hymns Old and New (Rev. and Enl.) #526
Catholic Book of Worship III #369
Christian Classics Ethereal Hymnary #590Tune InfoScoreAudio
Church Hymnary (4th ed.) #214bTextPage Scan
Common Praise (1998) #7TextPage Scan
Common Praise: A new edition of Hymns Ancient and Modern #6aText
Common Praise: A new edition of Hymns Ancient and Modern #554aPage Scan
Complete Anglican Hymns Old and New #467TextPage Scan
Hymnal 1982: according to the use of the Episcopal Church #531Text
Hymns and Psalms: a Methodist and ecumenical hymn book #520
Hymns and Psalms: a Methodist and ecumenical hymn book #636
Hymns for Today's Church (2nd ed.) #270Text
Hymns for Today's Church (2nd ed.) #318
Hymns for Today's Church (2nd ed.) #397b
Lift Up Your Hearts: psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs #301FlexScoreAudio
Lift Up Your Hearts: psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs #801TextFlexScoreAudioPage Scan
Psalms for All Seasons: a complete Psalter for worship #112A
Psalter Hymnal (Gray) #112Text InfoTune InfoTextScoreAudioPage Scan
Psalter Hymnal (Gray) #274Text InfoTune InfoTextScoreAudioPage Scan
Rejoice in the Lord #73Text
Rejoice in the Lord #74
Rejoice in the Lord #519TextPage Scan
Singing the Faith #137
Singing the Faith #320
Small Church Music #545Audio
Small Church Music #546Audio
Small Church Music #1395Audio
Small Church Music #3717Audio
The Cyber Hymnal #4TextScoreAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #116TextScoreAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #200TextScoreAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #2206TextScoreAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #4328TextScoreAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #4517TextScoreAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #4811TextScoreAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #5074TextScoreAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #5089TextScoreAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #5127TextScoreAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #5290TextScoreAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #5527TextScoreAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #7291TextScoreAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #7503TextScoreAudio
The New English Hymnal #238TextPage Scan
The New English Hymnal #319Page Scan
Together in Song: Australian hymn book II #213b
Voices United: The Hymn and Worship Book of The United Church of Canada #405TextPage Scan
Include 150 pre-1979 instances



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