WINCHESTER OLD

Composer (attributed to): George Kirbye

George Kirbye (c. 1565 – buried October 6, 1634) was an English composer of the late Tudor period and early Jacobean era. He was one of the members of the English Madrigal School, but also composed sacred music. Little is known of the details of his life, though some of his contacts can be inferred. He worked at Rushbrooke Hall near Bury St Edmunds, evidently as a tutor to the daughters of Sir Robert Jermyn. In 1598 he married Anne Saxye, afterwards moving to Bury St Edmunds. Around this time he probably made the acquaintance of John Wilbye, a much more famous madrigalist, who lived and worked only a few miles away, and whose style he sometimes approaches. In 1626 his wife died, and he is known to have been a churchwarden during the ne… Go to person page >

Tune Information

Composer (attributed to): George Kirbye (1592)
Meter: 8.6.8.6
Incipit: 13321 44323 55453
Key: F Major
Source: The Whole Book of Psalmes, T. Este, 1592

Texts

While shepherds watched their flocks

While shepherds watched their flocks by night,
all seated on the ground,
an angel of the Lord came down,
and glory shone around.

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Notes

WINCHESTER OLD is a famous common-meter psalm tune, presumably arranged by George Kirbye (b. Suffolk, England, c. 1560; d. Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, England, 1634) from a melody in Christopher Tye's Acts of the Apostles and published in T. Este's The Whole Book of Psalmes (1592) set to Psalm 84. Kirbye was responsible for most of the harmonizations in that psalter. A musician at the estate of Sir Robert Jermyn near Bury St. Edmunds, Kirbye apparently also served as church warden of the local St. Mary's Church and composed several volumes of madrigals that were very popular in his time.

WINCHESTER OLD has been associated with Nahum Tate's Christmas text ever since it was published in Hymns Ancient and Modern (1861). The tune title refers to Winchester, an ancient town in Hampshire, England. The song could be sung as a miniature oratorio, with the choir doing the narration (st. 1, 2a, 5), a soloist singing the angel's words (st. 2-4), and on the final stanza (st. 6) the entire congregation becoming the "throng of angels" and the choir singing descant–with all the stops pulled out!

--Psalter Hymnal handbook. 1988

Media

Christian Classics Ethereal Hymnary #96
  • Four-part harmony, part score, Tenor-lead arrangement (PDF, NWC)
  • Four-part harmony, full-score (PDF, NWC)
The Cyber Hymnal #988
Text: Come, Holy Ghost, Our Hearts Inspire
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
The Cyber Hymnal #3390
Text: Join, All Ye Ransomed Sons of Grace
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
The Cyber Hymnal #3755
Text: Lift Up Your Heads, Eternal Gates!
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
The Cyber Hymnal #5945
Text: The Savior Died, but Rose Again
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
The Cyber Hymnal #7267
Text: When God of Old Came Down from Heav'n
  • Adobe Acrobat image (PDF)
  • Noteworthy Composer score (NWC)
  • XML score (XML)
Psalter Hymnal (Gray) #215
Text: While Shepherds Watched Their Flocks
  • Bulletin Score (melody only) (PDF)
  • Full Score (PDF, XML)
  • Bulletin Score (PDF)
Psalter Hymnal (Gray) #628
Text: Praise God, You Angel Hosts Above
  • Bulletin Score (PDF)
  • Bulletin Score (melody only) (PDF)
  • Full Score (PDF)
The United Methodist Hymnal #470
Text: My God, I Love Thee
  • Bulletin Score (PDF)
  • Full Score (PDF)
  • Bulletin Score (melody only) (PDF)
The United Methodist Hymnal #603
Text: Come, Holy Ghost, Our Hearts Inspire
  • Bulletin Score (PDF)
  • Full Score (PDF)
  • Bulletin Score (melody only) (PDF)

Instances

Instances (1 - 68 of 68)Text InfoTune InfoTextScoreFlexScoreAudioPage Scan
Ancient and Modern: hymns and songs for refreshing worship #89aText
Anglican Hymns Old and New (Rev. and Enl.) #816
Anglican Hymns Old and New (Rev. and Enl.) #827
Chalice Hymnal #324TextPage Scan
Christian Classics Ethereal Hymnary #96ScoreAudio
Christian Worship: a Lutheran hymnal #259TextPage Scan
Church Hymnary (4th ed.) #4aTextPage Scan
Church Hymnary (4th ed.) #4bTextPage Scan
Church Hymnary (4th ed.) #296TextPage Scan
Come, Let Us Walk This Road Together: 43 songs from Africa #31Text
Common Praise (1998) #136Text
Common Praise: A new edition of Hymns Ancient and Modern #76Page Scan
Common Praise: A new edition of Hymns Ancient and Modern #199Page Scan
Complete Anglican Hymns Old and New #745TextPage Scan
Discipleship Ministries Collection #158
Evangelical Lutheran Hymnary #147TextPage Scan
Glory to God: the Presbyterian Hymnal #25Text InfoAudio
Glory to God: the Presbyterian Hymnal #117Text InfoTextFlexscoreAudioPage Scan
Glory to God: the Presbyterian Hymnal #329Text InfoTextFlexscoreAudioPage Scan
Hymnal 1982: according to the use of the Episcopal Church #94Text
Hymnal: A Worship Book #196
Hymns and Psalms: a Methodist and ecumenical hymn book #120a
Hymns for Today's Church (2nd ed.) #94aText
Hymns for Today's Church (2nd ed.) #94bText
Hymns to the Living God #124TextPage Scan
Hymns to the Living God #268TextPage Scan
Lift Up Your Hearts: psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs #714TextFlexscoreAudioPage Scan
Lift Up Your Hearts: psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs #729TextFlexscoreAudio
Lutheran Worship #196Text
Mil Voces para Celebrar: Himnario Metodista #335
Moravian Book of Worship #348TextPage Scan
Nyimbo za Imani Yetu #54B
Presbyterian Hymnal: hymns, psalms, and spiritual songs #58Text
Presbyterian Hymnal: hymns, psalms, and spiritual songs #162
Presbyterian Hymnal: hymns, psalms, and spiritual songs #191TextPage Scan
Presbyterian Hymnal: hymns, psalms, and spiritual songs #239
Psalms for All Seasons: a complete Psalter for worship #1ATextAudioPage Scan
Psalms for All Seasons: a complete Psalter for worship #26BText
Psalter Hymnal (Gray) #215Text InfoTune InfoTextScoreFlexscoreAudioPage Scan
Psalter Hymnal (Gray) #628Text InfoTune InfoTextAudioPage Scan
Rejoice in the Lord #199Text
Seventh-day Adventist Hymnal #139
Singing the Faith #221
Singing the New Testament #195
Small Church Music #250Audio
The Christian Life Hymnal #124
The Cyber Hymnal #988TextScoreAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #3390TextScoreAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #3755TextScoreAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #5945TextScoreAudio
The Cyber Hymnal #7267TextScoreAudio
The New Century Hymnal #516TextPage Scan
The New English Hymnal #42TextPage Scan
The United Methodist Hymnal #236bTextFlexscore
The United Methodist Hymnal #470TextFlexscoreAudioPage Scan
The United Methodist Hymnal #603TextFlexscoreAudioPage Scan
The United Methodist Hymnal Music Supplement II #197Text
The United Methodist Hymnal Music Supplement II #198
The Worshiping Church #172TextFlexscorePage Scan
Together in Song: Australian hymn book II #299
Trinity Hymnal (Rev. ed.) #222TextFlexscorePage Scan
TTT-Himnaro Cigneta #110TextAudio
TTT-Himnaro Cigneta #112aTextAudio
Voices United: The Hymn and Worship Book of The United Church of Canada #75TextPage Scan
Worship (3rd ed.) #382Text
生命聖詩 - Hymns of Life, 1986 #155Text
生命聖詩 - Hymns of Life, 1986 #224
찬송과 예배 = Chansong gwa yebae = Come, Let Us Worship: the Korean-English Presbyterian hymnal and service book #218
Include 97 pre-1979 instances



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