Johann Andreas Cramer

Johann Andreas Cramer
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Short Name: Johann Andreas Cramer
Full Name: Cramer, Johann Andreas, 1723-1788
Birth Year: 1723
Death Year: 1788

Cramer, Johann Andreas, born Jan. 27, 1723, at Jönstadt or Johann-Georgen-Stadt, in the Saxon Harz, where his father was pastor. After studying at the University of Leipzig, where he graduated M.A. in 1745, he was in 1748 appointed preacher at Crellwitz, near Lützen, and in 1750 Court Preacher and member of the Consistory at Quedlinburg. Four years later he became German Court Preacher to King Frederick V. of Denmark, at Copenhagen. There he obtained great fame as a preacher and teacher; and was appointed in 1765 Professor of Theology in the University. But after the accession of Charles VII., in 1766, the free-thinking party in the State gradually gained the ascendancy, and procured his removal; whereupon he was appointed, in 1771, Superintendent in Lubeck. When the orthodox party regained power in 1774, he was recalled to Denmark, as Vice-Chancellor, and First Professor of Theology in the University of Kiel, and in 1784 Chancellor. He died at Kiel on the night of June 11-12, 1788 (Koch, vi. 334-344; Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, iv. 550-551; Bode, pp. 54-55—the last dating his birth, Jan. 29).

Cramer was rather a writer of religious lyrics than of hymns, though at least 80 of his compositions passed Into the hymn-books of his times. Those that have been translated into English are all included either in the Allgemeines Gesang-
Buch
, Altona, 1780, which he edited for use in Schleswig-Holstein, or in his Sämmtliche Gedichtet Leipzig, 1782-3.

They are:—
i. Die ihr des Lebens edle Zeit. The duty of the Scholar. 1780, as above, No. 820, in 12 stanzas, repeated 1782, vol. ii. p. 319. Translated as, "O ye, who from your earliest youth," by Miss Winkworth, 1869, p. 321.
ii. Erheb, erheb, 0 meine Seele. Ps. civ. In his Poetische Uebersetzung der Psalmen, Leipzig, 1763, pt. iii., p. 65, in 16 stanzas. Included, 1780, as above, No. 124. The form translated is that in the Württemberg Gesang-Buch 1791, No. 36 (1842, No. 59), beginning with stanza ii. “Herr, dir ist niemand zu vergleichen." Tr. as, "Lord, none to Thee may be compared," by Miss Burlingham, in the British Herald, Jan. 1866, p. 200, repeated in Reid's Praise Book, 1872, No. 373.
iii. Erwachet, Harf’ und Psalter. Morning. Founded on Ps. cviii. First published in Zollikofer's Gesang-Buch, Leipzig, 1766, No. 71, in 6 stanzas. Repeated, 1780, as above, No. 2, and as No. 41 of the hymns appended to his Evangelische Nachahmungen der Psalmen Davids, Kopenhagen, 1769, p. 272. Translated by H. J. Buckoll, 1842, p. 59, as:—"Wake, harp and psaltery sounding."
iv. Schuf mich Gott für Augenblicke. Immortality of the Soul. 1780, as above, No. 136, in 12 St., repeated, 1782, vol. i. p. 181. Tr. (beginning with st. vi., "Geist! das ist mein hoher Name"), by Dr. H. Mills, 1845, as:—"Man were better nam'd a spirit."
v. Sterbend für das Heilder Sunder. Ascension. In the Bayreuth Gesang-Buch, 1779, No. 173, in 4 stanzas. Included, 1780, as above, No. 319, and 1782, vol. ii. p. 33. Translated by Dr. H. Mills, 1845, as:—"Dying a guilty world to save."
vi. Unerforschlich sei mir immer. God's Wisdom. First published in his Andachten in Betrachtungen, Gebeten und Liedern, &c, vol. ii., pt. ii., Schleswig and Leipzig, 1768, and thence in Rambach, v. 54. Included in 1769 (see No. iii.), p. 250, and 1780 as above, No. 78. Translated (1) in Sacred Poems by S. R. Maxwell, 1857, p. 126, as:— “Though inscrutable may ever"; (2) by Dr. G. Walker, 1860, p. 94, as:—" Inscrutable to me although."
[Rev. James Mearns, M.A.]

--John Julian, Dictionary of Hymnology (1907)


Texts by Johann Andreas Cramer (41)sort descendingAsInstances
Betet an, ihr Menschen, bringet Dem Hoechsten RuhmJohann Andreas Cramer (Author)6
Das Amt der Lehrer, Herr, ist Dein, Dein soll auch Dank und Ehre seinJohann Andreas Cramer (Author)29
Dein ist das Licht, das uns erhelitI. A. Cramer (Author)1
Dein Wort, o Höchster, ist vollkommenJohann Andreas Cramer (Author)29
Der herr ist Gott, und Keiner mehrJ. A. Cramer (Author)9
Der Herr ist in den HöhenJ. A. Cramer (Author)1
Dig prise vi, o Herre! du som återJ. A. Cramer, d. 1788 (Author)2
Dir Gott, sei Preis und Dank gebrachtJ. A. Cramer (Author)4
Dir, Herr, sei dieses Kind empfohlenJohann Andreas Cramer (Author)3
Dir, Herr, sei dieses Kind empfolenJohann Andreas Cramer (Author)8
Er ist gekommen, erCramer, 1723-1788 (Author)7
Ewig, ewig bin ich deinJohann Andreas Cramer (Author)14
Förr än menskostämmor hördesJ. A. Cramer, d. 1788 (Author)2
Fuer alle Menschen beten wirJohann Andreas Cramer (Author)6
Fuer unser N'chsten [Brueder] [Lehre] [Schueler] beten wirJ. A. Cramer (Author)11
Gott ist mein Hirt, im Schatten seiner GüteJohann Andreas Cramer (Author)3
Gott, wie du bist, so warst du schonI. A. Cramer (Author)6
Heilig, heilig sei der EidJohann Andreas Cramer (Author)9
Herr, Dir ist niemand zu vergleichenJohann Andreas Cramer (Author)16
Herr! du erforschest mich, Der bin ich nie vergogenJohann Andreas Cramer (Author)6
Herr, höre mein gebet Um deiner wahrheit willen!Johann Andreas Cramer (Author)7
Ich soll zum Leben dringenJohann Andreas Cramer (Author)7
Ich will in stiller EinsamkeitJohann Andreas Cramer (Author)2
In deiner Liebe, Gott, nicht zu erkaltenJ. A. Cramer (Author)3
Jauchzt unserm Gott mit freudigem Gemüthe!J. A. Cramer (Adapter)3
Lass, o Jesu, mich empfinden, welche seligkeitJohann Andreas Cramer (Author)9
Lord, who can be with thee comparedJohann A. Cramer, 1723-1788 (Author)5
Noch immer wechseln ordentlichJ. A. Cramer, 1723-1788 (Author)8
Noch war kein Himmel, keine SterneJohann Andreas Cramer (Author)9
Sanft o Christ ist Jesu JochJohann Andreas Cramer (Author)13
Schuf mich Gott fuer AugenblickeDr. J. A. Kramer, geb. 1723 (Author)3
Sohn, der du fuer uns starbst und lebstJ. A. Cramer (Author)4
Soll sich mein Geist, o Gott, zu dir erhebenJ. A. Cramer (Author)4
Sollten Menschen, meine BruederJohann Andreas Cramer (Author)6
To thee, O Lord, be praises givenJohann Andreas Cramer (Author)2
Triumphire, Gottes Stadt,Johann Andreas Cramer (Author)24
Wem Weisheit fehlt, der bitteJ. A. Cramer, 1723-1788 (Author)7
Wen das sanfte GottessausenJohann Andreas Cramer (Author)2
Wer, o mein Gott, aus dir geborenJohann Andreas Cramer (Author)7
Wer zählt der Engel HeereJ. A. Cramer, 1723-1788 (Author)18
Wie lieblich ist doch Herr, die St'tteJ. A. Cramer (Author)4
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