John Henry Newman

John Henry Newman
Short Name: John Henry Newman
Full Name: Newman, John Henry, 1801-1890
Birth Year: 1801
Death Year: 1890

Newman, John Henry , D.D. The hymnological side of Cardinal Newman's life and work is so small when compared with the causes which have ruled, and the events which have accompanied his life as a whole, that the barest outline of biographical facts and summary of poetical works comprise all that properly belongs to this work. Cardinal Newman was the eldest son of John Newman, and was born in London, Feb. 21, 1801. He was educated at Ealing under Dr. John Nicholas, and at Trinity College, Oxford, where he graduated in honours in 1820, and became a Fellow of Oriel in 1822. Taking Holy Orders in 1824, he was for a short time Vice-Principal of St. Alban's Hall, and then Tutor of Oriel. His appointment to St. Mary's, Oxford, was in the spring of 1828. In 1827 he was Public Examiner, and in 1830 one of the Select University Preachers. His association with Keble, Pusey, and others, in what is known as "The Oxford Movement," together with the periodical publication of the Tracts for the Times, are matters of history. It is well known how that Tract 90, entitled Bernards on Certain Passages in the Thirty-nine Articles, in 1841, was followed by his retirement to Littlemore; his formal recantation, in February, 1843, of all that he had said against Rome; his resignation in September of the same year of St. Mary's and Littlemore; and of his formal application to be received into the communion of the Church of Rome, Oct. 8, 1845. In 1848 he became Father Superior of the Oratory of St. Philip Neri, at Birmingham; in 1854 Rector of the newly founded Roman Catholic University at Dublin; and in 1858 he removed to the Edgbaston Oratory, Birmingham. In 1879 he was created a Cardinal, and thus received the highest dignity it is in the power of the Pope to bestow. Cardinal Newman's prose works are numerous, and his Parochial Sermons especially being very popular. His Apologia pro Vita Sua, 1864, is a lucid exposition and masterly defence of his life and work.

Cardinal Newman's poetical work began with poems and lyrical pieces which he contributed to the British Magazine, in 1832-4 (with other pieces by Keble and others), under the title of Lyra Apostolica. In 1836 these poems were collected and published under the same title, and Greek letters were added to distinguish the authorship of each piece, his being δ. Only a few of his poems from this work have come into use as hymns. The most notable is, "Lead, kindly Light". His Tract for the Times, No. 75, On the Roman Breviary, 1836, contained translations of 14 Latin hymns. Of these 10 were repeated in his Verses on Religious Subjects, 1853, and his Verses on Various Occasions, 1865, and translations of 24 additional Latin hymns were added. Several of these translations are in common use, the most widely known being "Nunc Sancte nobis" ("Come, Holy Ghost, Who ever One"). His collection of Latin hymns from the Roman and Paris Breviaries, and other sources was published as Hymni Ecclesiae, in 1838, and again in 1865. His Dream of Gerontius, a poem from which his fine hymn, "Praise to the Holiest in the height," is taken, appeared in his Verses on Various Occasions, in 1868. Cardinal Newman's influence on hymnology has not been of a marked character. Two brilliant original pieces, and little more than half a dozen translations from the Latin, are all that can claim to rank with his inimitable prose.

--John Julian, Dictionary of Hymnology (1907)


Newman, John Henry, p. 822, ii. He died at Edgbaston, Birmingham, Aug. 11, 1890.

--John Julian, Dictionary of Hymnology, Appendix, Part II (1907)


Newman, Card. J. H., pp. 802, ii.; 1581, ii. The following are also in use at the present time, but, except No. 13, almost exclusively in R. C. collections. The dates in brackets are those given in Newman's Verses, 1868; all thus marked were composed in the Birmingham Oratory at these dates:—
i. In the Rambler, 1850.
1. In the far North our lot is cast. [S. Philip Neri.] (1850.) March, 1850, p. 250. In the Birmingham Oratory Hymn Book, 1857 and 1906, it begins, " On Northern coasts," and in the Parochial Hymn Book, 1880, with st. ii. " Founder and Sire! to mighty Rome."
2. The Angel-lights of Christmas morn. [Candlemas.] (1849.) March, 1850, p. 251.
3. There sat a Lady all on the ground. [B. V. M.] (1849.) May, 1850, p. 425.
ii. Verses, 1853.
4. All is Divine which the Highest has made. [For an inclement May.] (1850.) 1853, p. 128.
5. Green are the leaves, and sweet the flowers. [May.] (1850.) 1853, p. 125.
6. My oldest friend, mine from the hour. [Guardian Angel] (1853.) 1853, p. 12.
7. The holy monks conceal'd from men. [S. Philip Neri.] (1850.) 1853, p. 134.
8. The one true Faith, the ancient Creed. [The Catholic Faith.] 1853, p. 140.
9. This is the saint of sweetness and compassion. [S. Philip Neri.] 1853, p. 136. Rewritten (1857) as "This is the saint of gentleness and kindness" in the Birmingham Oratory Hymn Book, 1857, No. 49.
iii. Birmingham Oratory Hymn Book, 1857.
10. Help, Lord, the souls which Thou hast made. [The Faithful Departed.] (1857.) 1857, No. 76.
iv. Birmingham Oratory H. Book, 1862.
11. I ask not for fortune, for silken attire. [S. Philip Neri.] (1857.) 1862, No. 54.
12. Thou champion high. [S. Michael.] (1862.) 1862, No. 41.
v. Dream of Gerontius, 1866.
13. Firmly I believe and truly. [The Faith of a Christian.] 1866, p. 9; Verses, 1868, p. 318; The English Hymnal 1906. [Rev. James Mearns, M.A.]

--John Julian, Dictionary of Hymnology, New Supplement (1907)

John Henry Newman was born in London, in 1801. He studied at Trinity College, Oxford, graduating B.A. in 1820, and was subsequently Fellow of Oriel College. In 1825, he became Vice Principal of S. Alban's Hall, and was Tutor of his college for several years. In 1828, he became incumbent of S. Mary's, Oxford, with the chaplaincy of Littlemore. In 1842, he went to preside over a Brotherhood he had established at Littlemore. He was the author of twenty-four of the "Tracts for the Times," amongst them the celebrated Tract No. 90, which brought censure upon its author. In 1845, he left the Church of England and entered the Church of Rome. He was appointed Father Superior of the Oratory of S. Philip Neri, at Birmingham, and in 1854, Rector of the new Roman Catholic University at Dublin, an office he filled till 1858. He has published a large number of works.
--Annotations of the Hymnal, Charles Hutchins, M.A. 1872.


Wikipedia Biography

John Henry Newman (21 February 1801 – 11 August 1890) was an English theologian and poet, first an Anglican priest and later a Catholic priest and cardinal, who was an important and controversial figure in the religious history of England in the 19th century. He was known nationally by the mid-1830s, and was canonised as a saint in the Catholic Church in 2019. He is the fifth saint of the City of London, behind Thomas Becket (born in Cheapside), Thomas More (born on Milk Street), Edmund Campion (son of a London book seller) and Polydore Plasden (of Fleet Street).

Texts by John Henry Newman (58)sort descendingAsAuthority LanguagesInstances
Author of life divineRev. J. H. Newman (Author)English1
Blest Maker of the light, by whomJohn H. Newman (Author)2
By faith in Christ I walk with GodJohn Henry Newman (Author)English1
Come, Holy Ghost, Who ever oneJohn H. Newman (Author)English25
Commit thou all thy griefsRev. J. H. Newman (Translator)English1
Day's herald bird at length is heardJohn Henry Newman (Translator)1
Divina Luz, con tu esplendor benignoJohn Henry Newman, 1801-1890 (Author)Spanish7
Draw nigh, O Lord, and on us shineJohn Henry Newman (Author)2
Du freundlich Licht auf der sonst dunklen FlurJohn H. Newman (Author)German1
Du Himmelslicht, im Erdendunkel hierJohn Henry Newman (Author)German1
Du mildes Licht, erleuchte meinen PfadJohn H. Newman (Author)German1
Führ', holdes Licht, ich find' nicht ein noch ausJohn H. Newman (Author)German2
Father, in memory's fondest placeJohn H. Newman (Author)3
Firme kredas mi kaj vereJohn Henry (Kardinalo) Newman (Author)Esperanto4
Firmly I believe and trulyJohn Henry Newman (Author)English28
Framer of the earth and skyJohn Henry Newman (Translator)English2
Green are the leaves, and sweet the flowersJohn H. Newman (Author)11
Help Lord the souls which thou hast madeJohn Henry Newman (Author)16
How sweet will be the meetingJohn Henry Newman (Author)5
Ka'i lama la'i I hemo ae ka pouliRev. John H. Newman (Author)Hawaiian2
Lead, kindly Light, amid the encircling gloomJohn Henry Newman (Author)English1563
Led, klare lys, igjennem mulmet herJohn H. Newman (Author)Norwegian2
Leit', guetig Licht, durch Dunkel mich und GrausJohn H. Newman (Author)3
Leit', holdes Licht, mich durch die DunkelheitJohn H. Newman (Author)3
Light of the anxious heart Jesus, thy supplicants cheerJohn Henry Newman (Translator)English3
Light of the anxious heart Jesus, thou dost appearJohn H. Newman (Author)3
Lord, in this dust thy sovereign voiceJohn Henry Newman (Author)3
Lumo Ĉiela, en plej nigra hor' gvidadu minJohn Henry Newman, 1801-1890 (Author)Esperanto2
Lys, milda ljus, bland d jupa skoggor h'rJohn H. Newman (Author)3
Men of the Christian missionJohn Henry Newman (Author)7
Mita Wanikiya, Niye, Iyoyaŋpa duhaJohn H. Newman (Author)Dakota1
Mortal, if e'er thy spirits faintJohn Henry Newman (Author)3
My God, in memory's fondest placeJohn Henry Newman (Author)3
My oldest friend, mine from the hourJohn Henry Newman (Author)1
Now that the daylight dies awayJohn Henry Newman (Author)English6
Now that the sun is beaming brightRev. John H. Newman, 1801- (Translator)English109
O comrade bold of toil and painJohn H. Newman (Author)3
O God, the Lord of place and timeJohn Henry Newman (Author)3
O Jesus, Lord, great Shepherd of thy sheepJohn H. Newman (Author)3
O leite mich mit deinem milden lichtJohn H. Newman (Author)3
O leuchte mir, mein Jesu, du mein SternJohn H. Newman (Author)3
PrayersJohn Henry Newman (Author (attributed to))English1
O loving wisdom of our GodJohn H. Newman (Author)8
O say not thou art left of GodJohn Henry Newman (Author)4
O the good that we may doJohn Henry Newman (Author)3
Praise to the Holiest in the heightJohn Henry Newman, 1801-90 (Author)English148
Prune thou thy words the thoughts controlJohn H. Newman (Author)17
Ry Raiko o! Tariho ny zanakaoJ. H. Hewman (Author)Malagasy3
Supernal Word, proceeding forthJohn Henry Newman (Author)1
There sat a lady all on the groundJohn H. Newman (Author)3
Thy wounds, not mine, O ChristJohn H. Newman (Author)3
Time was, I shrank from what was rightJohn H. Newman (Author)6
'Twas night, still night, a solemn silence hungJohn H. Newman (Author)3
Two brothers freely cast their lotJohn Henry Newman (Author)4
Unveil, O Lord, and on us shineCard. Newman (Author)4
When I sink down in gloom or fearJohn H. Newman (Author)5
When royal truth, released from mortal throesJohn Henry Newman (Author)English2
引我,柔愛的光,陰影四圍 (Yǐn wǒ, róu ài de guāng, yīnyǐng sìwéi)John Henry Newman (Author)Chinese2

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